The overriding impact of immigrants is to strengthen and enrich American culture, increase the total output of the economy, and raise the standard of living of American citizens. Immigrants are advantageous to the United States for several reasons: (1) Since they are willing to take a chance in a new land, they are self-selected on the basis on motivation, risk taking, work ethic, and other attributes beneficial to a nation. (2) They tend to come to the United States during their prime working years (the average age is 28), and they contribute to the workforce and make huge net contributions to old-age entitlement programs, primarily Social Security. (3) Immigrants tend to fill niches in the labor market where demand is highest relative to supply, complementing rather than directly competing with American workers. (4) Many immigrants arrive with extremely high skill levels, and virtually all, regardless of skill level, bring a strong desire to work. (5) Their children tend to reach high levels of achievement in American schools and in society at large.

Cato Experts

More on Immigration

Commentary

The Law and Disorder Presidency

By Alex Nowrasteh. San Antonio Express-News. February 21, 2017.

Trump’s Fake News Attack on Sweden, Immigrants, and Crime

By Johan Norberg. Reason.com. February 21, 2017.

Conservatives Should Reject Trump’s Sanctuary City Policy

By Matthew Feeney. San Francisco Chronicle. February 20, 2017.

Cato Studies

Immigrants Assimilate into the Political Mainstream

By Alex Nowrasteh and Sam Wilson. Economic Development Bulletin No. 27. January 19, 2017.

Does Mass Immigration Destroy Institutions? 1990s Israel as a Natural Experiment

By Benjamin Powell, J. R. Clark, and Alex Nowrasteh. Working Paper No. 41. January 12, 2017.

Terrorism and Immigration: A Risk Analysis

By Alex Nowrasteh. Policy Analysis No. 798. September 13, 2016.

Articles

Does Immigration Impact Institutions?

J. R. Clark, Robert A. Lawson, Alex Nowrasteh, Benjamin Powell, & Ryan Murphy. Public Choice. Vol. 163. No. 1. April 2015.

Immigration

Alex Nowrasteh. Policy Priorities for the 114th Congress. 2015.

Comprehensive Immigration Reform: What Congress and the President Need to Do to Make It Work

Daniel Griswold. Albany Government Law Review. Vol. 3. No. 1. Winter 2009.

Public Filings

Declining Deportations and Increasing Criminal Alien Releases – The Lawless Immigration Policies of the Obama Administration

By Alex Nowrasteh. Testimony. May 19, 2016.

United States v. Texas

By Ilya Shapiro, Josh Blackman, Randy E. Barnett, Jeremy Rabkin, & Randal John Meyer. Legal Briefs. April 4, 2016.

Comment on Proposed Rule: Retention of EB–1, EB–2, and EB–3 Immigrant Workers and Program Improvements Affecting High-Skilled Nonimmigrant Workers

By Alex Nowrasteh. Public Comments. February 26, 2016.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Immigration

Cato Handbook for Policymakers. Cato Handbook for Policymakers, 8th Edition (2017).

Would the TPP Advance Free Trade? A Scorecard

Policy Report. November/December 2016.

Welfare Reform at 20, Immigration Economics, Celebrating Our Constitutions — All 51 and Are Monetary Rules the Answer?

Policy Report. November/December 2016.

Events

Men without Work: America’s Invisible Crisis

Featuring Nicholas Eberstadt, David Bier, and Alex Nowrasteh. January 10, 2017. Book Forum.

Refugees, Immigrants, and National Security

Featuring Alex Nowrasteh and A. Trevor Thrall. October 3, 2016. Policy Forum.

Immigration Economics

Featuring Alex Nowrasteh, Mark A. Calabria, Brink Lindsey, & Benjamin Powell. September 2, 2016. Conference.

Speeches

Mexican Migration, Legalization, and Assimilation

By Daniel Griswold. October 5, 2005.

National Immigration Forum: Capitol Hill Panel Discussion on Mexican Immigration

By Daniel Griswold. February 19, 2003.

National Immigration Forum Annual Conference

By Daniel Griswold. February 1, 2002.