The overriding impact of immigrants is to strengthen and enrich American culture, increase the total output of the economy, and raise the standard of living of American citizens. Immigrants are advantageous to the United States for several reasons: (1) Since they are willing to take a chance in a new land, they are self-selected on the basis on motivation, risk taking, work ethic, and other attributes beneficial to a nation. (2) They tend to come to the United States during their prime working years (the average age is 28), and they contribute to the workforce and make huge net contributions to old-age entitlement programs, primarily Social Security. (3) Immigrants tend to fill niches in the labor market where demand is highest relative to supply, complementing rather than directly competing with American workers. (4) Many immigrants arrive with extremely high skill levels, and virtually all, regardless of skill level, bring a strong desire to work. (5) Their children tend to reach high levels of achievement in American schools and in society at large.

Cato Experts

More on Immigration

Commentary

A Threat to Americans

By Ilya Somin. U.S. News & World Report. April 21, 2017.

Trump Takes a Smarter Approach on Immigration with ‘Hire American’

By David Bier. The Hill (Online). April 19, 2017.

Immigration Restrictions Hurt Americans, Too

By Ilya Somin. Austin American Statesman. April 13, 2017.

Cato Studies

Criminal Immigrants: Their Numbers, Demographics, and Countries of Origin

By Michelangelo Landgrave and Alex Nowrasteh. Immigration Research and Policy Brief No. 1. March 15, 2017.

Immigrants Assimilate into the Political Mainstream

By Alex Nowrasteh and Sam Wilson. Economic Development Bulletin No. 27. January 19, 2017.

Does Mass Immigration Destroy Institutions? 1990s Israel as a Natural Experiment

By Benjamin Powell, J. R. Clark, and Alex Nowrasteh. Working Paper No. 41. January 12, 2017.

Articles

The Case for More Immigration

Alex Nowrasteh. Democracy: A Journal of Ideas. No. 42. Fall 2016.

Does Immigration Impact Institutions?

J. R. Clark, Robert A. Lawson, Alex Nowrasteh, Benjamin Powell, & Ryan Murphy. Public Choice. Vol. 163. No. 1. April 2015.

Immigration

Alex Nowrasteh. Policy Priorities for the 114th Congress. 2015.

Public Filings

International Refugee Assistance Project v. Trump

By David Bier. Legal Briefs. April 19, 2017.

Declining Deportations and Increasing Criminal Alien Releases – The Lawless Immigration Policies of the Obama Administration

By Alex Nowrasteh. Testimony. May 19, 2016.

United States v. Texas

By Ilya Shapiro, Josh Blackman, Randy E. Barnett, Jeremy Rabkin, & Randal John Meyer. Legal Briefs. April 4, 2016.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Trump Takes ‘A Pause ’

Marni Soupcoff. Regulation. Spring 2017.

Immigration

Cato Handbook for Policymakers. Cato Handbook for Policymakers, 8th Edition (2017).

Would the TPP Advance Free Trade? A Scorecard

Policy Report. November/December 2016.

Events

State-Based Visas: A Federalism Approach to the Immigration Impasse

Featuring Ron Johnson (R-WI), Ken Buck (R-CO-4), David Bier, Alex Nowrasteh, & Peter Russo. May 3, 2017. Capitol Hill Briefing.

Men without Work: America’s Invisible Crisis

Featuring Nicholas Eberstadt, David Bier, and Alex Nowrasteh. January 10, 2017. Book Forum.

Refugees, Immigrants, and National Security

Featuring Alex Nowrasteh and A. Trevor Thrall. October 3, 2016. Policy Forum.

Speeches

Mexican Migration, Legalization, and Assimilation

By Daniel Griswold. October 5, 2005.

National Immigration Forum: Capitol Hill Panel Discussion on Mexican Immigration

By Daniel Griswold. February 19, 2003.

National Immigration Forum Annual Conference

By Daniel Griswold. February 1, 2002.