The last 13 presidents of the United States — going back to Franklin D. Roosevelt, who signed into law the watershed Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act in 1934 — considered trade to be mutually beneficial for their fostering of economic growth and good relations among nations. President Trump sees the world differently. Cato scholars have written extensively on how Trump’s trade policy is motivated by a toxic blend of ignorance, petulance, and nationalist grievance.
- “Trump’s Trade Wars Are Incoherent, Angry, and Misguided,” by Daniel J. Ikenson
- “Trade War with China Escalates,” Podcast with Simon Lester, Colin Grabow, and Caleb O. Brown
- “The Trade War We Don’t Need, but Perhaps Deserve,” by Colin Grabow
- More Cato Trade Policy Work