Edward H. Crane
Under the leadership of its founder and president Ed Crane, the Cato Institute has grown to become one of the nation’s most prominent public policy research organizations. Crane has been a pioneer in framing the political debate as one, not between liberal and conservative, but rather between civil society (the voluntary sector) and political society (government power). He is credited with being one of the first national leaders of the term limitation movement. Crane is the coeditor of several books and publisher of Regulation magazine, serves on the Board of U.S. Term Limits, and is a member of the Mont Pèlerin Society. Crane’s writing has been published in the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, the New York Times and Forbes. He has been interviewed on NPR’s “Morning Edition” and “Talk of the Nation,” Fox News Channel, MSNBC, and other media. A graduate of the University of California at Berkeley and the University of Southern California Graduate School of Business Administration, Crane is a chartered financial analyst and former vice president at Alliance Capital Management Corp.

Leszek Balcerowicz
Between 1981 and 1982, Leszek Balcerowicz was deputy chairman of the Polish Economic Society. In 1989 he became deputy premier and minister of finance in the first non‐​communist government in Poland. Balcerowicz carried out the plan of rapid stabilization and transformation of the Polish economy, generally known as the “Balcerowicz Plan.” In 1992 he was given the position of professor in Warsaw’s Main School of Trade and a year later became director of its Comparative International Studies Department. Balcerowicz has lectured at colleges all over the world, including Austria, France, Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Sweden, Japan, the Czech Republic, India, Italy, Ukraine, Lithuania, and the US. He is the author of numerous books and publications on economics and a member of the European Economic Association, the Polish Sociological Society, and the Association of Polish Economists. In 1970 he graduated with honors from the Foreign Trade Faculty of Warsaw’s Main School of Planning and Statistics (SGPiS), now called SGH – the Main School of Economics. In 1974 he received his MBA at St. John’s University in New York, and in 1975, he defended his doctor’s dissertation at the SGPIS.

Fred Hu Zuliu
Fred Hu Zuliu is the managing director and chief economist for Goldman Sachs (Asia) L.L.C. Previously he was chief economist and head of research at the World Economic Forum, Geneva, Switzerland. From 1991 to 1996 he was a staff member at the International Monetary Fund in Washington D.C., where he served in the Asia‐​Pacific Department, the Fiscal Affairs Department, and the Research Department and was engaged in economic analysis and policy advice for a variety of member countries including China. He holds a master degree in engineering science from Tsinghua University, Beijing, and a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University. His research interests include international trade and finance, macroeconomics, and public finance. He is co‐​author of the Global Competitiveness Report, an internationally influential publication.

Andrei Illarionov
Andrei Illarionov was appointed as Russian president Vladimir Putin’s chief economic adviser in April 2000 and is director of the Institute of Economic Analysis in Moscow. Illarionov has been an assistant professor of international economics at St. Petersburg University, where he received a Ph.D. in 1987. In 1992 he became deputy director of the Center for Economic Reform, the Russian government’s think tank. In April 1993 he became chief economic adviser to Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin, a position he resigned in February 1994. Illarionov has written three books and more than 300 articles on Russian economic and social policies.

Mart Laar
Mart Laar is the former prime minister of Estonia. He is credited with helping Estonia in its rapid economic advance. Laar served two terms as prime minister of Estonia, from 1992 to 1994 and again from 1999 to 2002. He received his education at the University of Tartu, where he completed a B.A. in history in 1983 and later an M.A. in philosophy. Between 1990 and 1992 he was a member of the Estonian Congress and Estonian Committee. During the same period he was also a member of the Supreme Council. In 1992 Laar served as a member of the Constitutional Assembly, and from 1992 to 1994 was the prime minister of Estonia. From 1992 to 1995 Laar also served as chairman of the National Coalition Fatherland Party as well as an MP (Riigikogu) VIII session. Laar has held the position of chairman of the Pro Patria party since 1998.

Justin Yifu Lin
Justin Yifu Lin is professor and founding director of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University. He also serves as professor at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and is an adjunct professor at Australian National University. He is the author of five books, including The China Miracle: Development Strategy and Economic Reform, which has been translated into six languages, and the forthcoming Sufficient Information and State‐​owned Enterprise Reform, which will be translated into three languages. Professor Lin is an associate editor and editorial board member of nine international academic journals and was awarded the 1993 Sun Yefang Prize, the highest honor given to economists in China.

Brink Lindsey
Under the direction of Brink Lindsey, the Cato Institute’s Center for Trade Policy Studies has become a leading voice in support of free trade and open markets. Lindsey is the author of an important book on globalization, Against the Dead Hand: The Uncertain Struggle for Global Capitalism (John Wiley & Sons, 2002). His writings have been published in the Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times, the New Republic, National Review, Weekly Standard, and Journal of World Trade. Lindsey has appeared on CNN, MSNBC, CNBC, BBC, National Public Radio, and PBS. He is also a contributing editor of Reason magazine. An attorney with extensive experience in international trade regulation, Lindsey was formerly director of regulatory studies at the Cato Institute and senior editor of Regulation magazine. He received an A.B. from Princeton University in 1984 and a J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1987.

Grigori Marchenko
Grigori Marchenko currently serves as the first deputy prime minister of Kazakhstan. Prior to that, he was governor of the National Bank of Kazakhstan. He has also served as president of Deutsche Securities, Kazakhstan and as chairman, National Commission on Securities, Kazakhstan. In 1994 he was appointed deputy chairman of the National Bank of Kazakhstan, and in 1992 he became assistant to the Vice President of Kazakhstan. Previously, he held various scientific positions, including chief expert, foreign economic relations, Inter‐​Regional State Ecological Consortium Eurasia, 1991–1992; acting head, Design Bureau, Semiconductor Machine Building, and chairman, Aloe Design Bureau, Scientific Production Cooperative Centre, 1988–1991; translator, editor, editor‐​in‐​chief and leader, Marketing Information Group, Kazakh Scientific Research Institute of Scientific‐​Economic and Technical Economic Studies, 1986–1988; and engineer‐​designer and acting deputy head, Department of Top Managers, Ministry of Non‐​Ferrous Metals, Kazakh SSR, 1984–1986. Marchenko holds degrees in international economics from the Moscow State University Institute of International Relations.

Charles Murray
Charles Murray is the W.H. Brady Scholar in Culture and Freedom at the American Enterprise Institute, where he researches family, culture, crime, education, and welfare. He is the author of the 1984 seminal book about welfare reform, Losing Ground. Other books include The Bell Curve, The Underclass Revisited, and Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950. Murray has published extensively and has been a frequent witness before congressional and senate committees and a consultant to senior government officials of the United States, Great Britain, Eastern Europe, and the OECD. Murray has been a guest on “Nightline,” “This Week with David Brinkley,” “Meet the Press,” “The MacNeil/​Lehrer Newshour,” “Firing Line,” “Crossfire,” “Today,” and “Good Morning America,” among other programs. Murray was named by the National Journal as one of the 150 “People Who Make a Difference” in national policymaking. Murray was born and raised in Newton, Iowa. He obtained a B.A. in history from Harvard University and a Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

José Piñera
José Piñera is a distinguished senior fellow at the Cato Institute and is co‐​chairman of Cato’s Project on Social Security Choice. As Chile’s secretary of labor and social security, he was the architect of that country’s successful privatization of its pension system. As founder and president of the International Center for Pension Reform, Piñera now advises governments throughout the world on the establishment of privatized pension systems. During his public service career, he also designed the labor laws that introduced flexibility to the Chilean labor market and was responsible for the constitutional law that established private property rights in Chilean mines. He is also chairman of Proyecto Chile 2010, a Chilean free‐​market think tank. He received an M.A. and a Ph.D. (1974) in economics from Harvard University.

Ruth Richardson
Ruth Richardson is principal at Ruth Richardson [NZ] Ltd. Strategic and Economic Policy Advice and is a former minister of finance of New Zealand. During the remarkable reform era from the mid‐​1980s to the mid‐​1990s, Richardson established her reputation. She was the principal architect of New Zealand’s second wave of reform, complementing the first wave of reform initiated in the mid‐​1980s by New Zealand’s other well‐​known minister of finance, Sir Roger Douglas. Her institutional framework for the conduct of fiscal policy, the Fiscal Responsibility Act 1994, is widely regarded as setting international best practice and is a cornerstone of New Zealand’s economic framework. In the years since leaving Parliament in 1994, she has had an extensive international practice as a public policy consultant. She has advised widely on strategies designed to achieve the practice of good governance and the development of high‐​quality policy frameworks.