In Albania, anyway. NPR reports that garbage is piling up in the streets of Tirana, and "It's something you could blame on the fall of communism." As reporter Vicky O'Hara explained,
When communism collapsed here in the early 1900s so did the city's system of garbage removal. Shpresa Rira, a teacher at the foreign language institute in Tirana, remembers that under communism families were ordered to spend part of their weekend picking up trash.
Ms. SHPRESA RIRA: It was called the communist Saturday because people were meant to come to come together and give their services to the community.
O'HARA: Rira says that people were not paid but they turned out anyway, because if they didn't, the consequences could be dire.
So it was universal compulsory service, like Melvin Laird and John Edwards want for the United States. But it turns out it didn't work so well in Albania.
The communist tactic, she says, destroyed community spirit in Albania.
Ms. RIRA: We thought that we were closely connected, but as soon as communism was over, you know, we understood that that community spirit didn't exist at all. It was just a fake.
And like most collectivist systems, it did not “foster a culture of responsibility for our democracy.” Instead, it left people expecting that government would handle everything. So now, the government no longer threatens people with dire consequences for not picking up trash, and no one does. The city has been slow to create a normal garbage collection system. Maybe this forced community spirit stuff isn't such a good idea after all.