Today finds another post on the DHS Leadership blog attempting to defend the REAL ID Act. Despite never having made the affirmative case for REAL ID, Assistant Secretary for Policy Stewart Baker is attempting to defeat the arguments against it.
The "myth" he purports to dispell this time is that REAL ID creates a national ID:
REAL ID is simple. The regulation requires that states meet minimum security standards when they issue driver’s licenses and identification cards necessary for “official purposes,” like getting on a plane or entering federal buildings. That’s it. The federal government’s role is to make sure that states meet minimum standards of security, so that banks and airports in one state can count on the quality of licenses issued in another.
Once again, I believe savvy Stewart Baker is playing at the role of ingenue. He's pretending to lack the common knowledge that government programs grow in size and power.
It's true that REAL ID allows states to issue driver's licenses and identification cards that don't meet the federal standards. They won't be acceptable for "official purposes," which are defined as follows in the statute:
The term "official purpose" includes but is not limited to accessing Federal facilities, boarding federally regulated commercial aircraft, entering nuclear power plants, and any other purposes that the Secretary shall determine.
Once REAL ID is in place, the secretary of homeland security has the power to require it for any purpose beyond the ones listed in the statute. What might those be? The immigration bill debated in Congress last summer would have required possession of a REAL ID–compliant card in order to work in the United States. If Congress doesn't do it, perhaps the DHS secretary would do it on his own once REAL ID is at his disposal.
Baker himself recently proposed that REAL ID could be required for buying cold medicine. Wherever the federal government requires the use of identification, it could require possession of a REAL ID. In the very post where he seeks to debunk the fact that REAL ID is a national ID, he mentions the use of REAL ID by banks. The USA-PATRIOT Act extended "know your customer" regulations deep into the financial services sector. The DHS and Treasury could require possession of a REAL ID to access banking.
Strangely, Baker's post says, "the federal government does not have the authority to regulate how or whether a bank, grocery store, retailer, or school requires REAL ID." This directly contradicts a premise of his proposal to require REAL ID for cold medicine. It's unfortunate that the federal government has this power — it shouldn't — but Baker knows darn well that it does.
It's technically true that you wouldn't have to have a REAL ID–compliant national ID card under current law, but refusing one may not be too practical. You'd have to live in a state that gives you that option and then be willing to do without air travel, legal employment, financial services, medicine, and whatever else the Department of Homeland Security decides.
What looks like a duck, walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, tends to be a duck. REAL ID is a national ID.