With immigration reform once again on Congress’s near horizon, many proposals take as a given that there should be “internal enforcement” of immigration law through federal background checks on all workers. But the E‐Verify system and proposals for a national E‐Verify mandate are shot through with complications and challenges. Costs to businesses and workers will mount. Citizens, both natural‐born and naturalized, will have to appeal to the federal government for the right to work. And identity fraud will drive E‐Verify to become a biometric national identification system capable of use well beyond immigration control. Join us for a discussion of E-Verify’s many perils.