In a new study, Glen Whitman and Raymond Raad demonstrate that America leads the world in medical innovations that ease and extend our lives. And in Tuesday's Wall Street Journal, Melinda Beck details some of the health care advances that we should give thanks for this Thanksgiving Day:
• Fewer Americans died in traffic fatalities in 2008 than in any year since 1961, and fewer were injured than in any year since 1988, when the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration began collecting injury data. One possible reason: Seat-belt use hit a record high of 84% nationally.
• Life expectancy in the U.S. reached an all-time high of 77.9 years in 2007, the latest year for which statistics are available, continuing a long upward trend. (That's 75.3 years for men and 80.4 years for women.)
• Death rates dropped significantly for eight of the 15 leading causes of death in the U.S., including cancer, heart disease, stroke, hypertension, accidents, diabetes, homicides and pneumonia, from 2006 to 2007. (Of the top 15, only deaths from chronic lower respiratory disease increased significantly.) The overall age-adjusted death rate dropped to a new low of 760.3 deaths per 100,000 people—half of what it was 60 years ago….
• Around the world, 27% fewer children died before their fifth birthday in 2007 than in 1990, due to greater use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets, better rehydration for diarrhea, and better access to clean water, sanitation and vaccines.…
• Twenty-seven countries reported a reduction of up to 50% in the number of malaria cases between 1990 and 2006.
Read it all. (I should note that Beck attributes more of this good news to government action than I would, and she counts the mere existence of smoking bans as a "health care advance," despite the lack of evidence that they actually have any health effects. But that's an argument we can save for next week. Today and tomorrow let's just celebrate the good news.)
I wrote a couple of years ago about the good news of falling cancer death rates and falling heart disease death rates.
In his book The Improving State of the World, Indur Goklany examined, as the subtitle put it, Why We're Living Longer, Healthier, More Comfortable Lives on a Cleaner Planet.