Such a change would be minuscule compared to the huge stock of outstanding Treasury and agency bonds or to daily trading volume. Yet many analysts fear that even so trivial a change must be ominous for stockholders, even though the Fed pledges to keep short‐term rates near zero.
As one financial columnist recently put it, “worries focus on what will happen to stocks as that stimulus begins to shrink.”
Worries about the taper are hugely overblown for at least four reasons:
1. It’s old news.
Traders have been discounting an end to the Fed’s bond‐buying spree for months, with 10‐year Treasury yields rising from an unsustainably low 1.65% last November to nearly 3% lately.
This is not simply because Fed officials said they will slow the pace of bond buying, but because sensible global investors have long feared that holding U.S. bonds with a coupon below 2% was inherently hazardous.
The Fed ended two prior quantitative easing (QE) schemes, after all, with no memorable effect. If Wednesday presented a serious threat to stocks, the market would not have been rising so smartly just before that date.
2. A steeper yield curve is not a “tighter” policy.
The spread between interest rates on 10‐year and three‐month Treasuries is one of the most reliable indicators of future economic activity. When that spread virtually vanished in 2000 and again in 2006–2007, that signaled trouble ahead. Conversely, the economy recovered as the spread widened to 2.39 percentage points in 2009 and 3.08 points in 2010.
Banks make money by borrowing short and lending long. They naturally become more cautious and selective about lending when three QE experiments deliberately flattened the yield curve after late 2010.