They say they’re short of electricity. Yes, they are. Between 1988 and 1998, California’s electricity consumption increased by 15 percent. Meanwhile California’s capacity to generate electricity shrank by five percent, even as the state hesitated to build new power lines to tap into neighboring states’ power supplies.
Californians didn’t want dams across their rivers, derricks on their ocean, power lines across their borders, or fossil fuel smoke in their sky. These might interfere with all the smart things Californians do, such as hang-glide. California was going to rely on “negawatts” - dramatic power conservation. (But California regulators put price controls on electricity that lowered prices, and even Californians weren’t dumb enough to skip a bargain.) And California was going to rely on alternative power generation.
With all the puffery from Silicon Valley dot.com start-ups, wind farms wouldn’t be a problem. But it turns out that alternative power generation is an alternative, mostly, to generating power.
President Bush was wrong to grant an extension of executive orders requiring out-of-state utilities to supply power to California. And everyone is wrong to listen to Californians whine about electricity deregulation. There never was any deregulation. The California Public Utilities Commission merely changed its regulations, which apparently weren’t stupid enough to meet Golden State standards.
Under California’s 1996 re-regulation plan, electric companies sold their generating plants and became distributors. They were required to buy their power on the wholesale spot market and forbidden to enter into any long-term power supply contracts. Retail electricity prices were lowered by 10 percent and frozen at the new rate until March 2002.
This is like requiring A&P to sell you porterhouse at $2 a pound, no matter what the price of beef on the hoof. Imagine how many steaks there would be, and how many supermarkets. Go to one of those boarded-up grocery stores, purchase a phantom T-bone, screw it into a ceiling fixture, and try to light your house. You’re in California.
La-la Land, however, is a state of mind as well as a state of the Union. The world is full of mental Californians who, despite a century of socialist catastrophes, are willing to blame the free market for things like the California energy crisis. “What brought [California] to its knees is … blind faith in the market to provide for people’s basic needs,” says a piece in the Toronto Star by a member of the Star’s editorial board.
The critics of economic liberty are right: the free market did cause California’s energy crisis. Hooray. Capitalism is doing its job. The critics are right without knowing what they’re talking about. The free market isn’t a means “to provide for people’s basic needs.” It doesn’t come in or out of political fashion or lose its mind. The free market is a precise measurement of voluntary price settings.
Californians devised a system of electricity sales that ignored every dimension of the free market. (Interesting that the “Information Economy” is centered in a place that’s immune to information.) The free market is a yardstick, and Californians got smacked with it. Mideast oil jitters, cold weather, natural gas price spikes, and the plain unpredictable freedom of the free market caused wholesale electricity costs to rise and California utilities to go $12 billion into the red.
California’s governor, Gray Davis, responded with the full force of bikini beach brain. In a January 8 speech to the state legislature, Davis proposed creating a state agency to buy generating plants and build new ones. He threatened to expropriate power generators and transmission grids. He called for laws to allow criminal prosecution of wholesale suppliers who withheld electricity from California markets. And he said the state’s universities and community colleges would build co- generating plants and become energy independent. (With gas produced by the cafeteria food?)
Gray Davis sounded like Joseph Stalin with the IQ of Keanu Reeves. “Everyone should understand that there are other, more drastic measures that I am prepared to take if I have to,” Davis declaimed. “Take” is the key word. Grabby Californians tried to regulate themselves into some cheap electricity. Hoggish California power companies went along because the state-imposed retail price ceiling was also a retail price floor. According to the Los Angeles Times, during the first 28 months of the scheme, Pacific Gas and Electric and California Edison made $20 billion from the legally required mark-up between wholesale and retail electric prices.
It would be wrong to call Californians stupid. They’re sleazy, too.