Leon Hadar provides a sweeping re‐examination of the conceptual bases of American policy and proposes a strategy of “constructive disengagement” from the region, a policy of benign neglect to promote the interests of the United States as well as those of the people of the Middle East. He exposes the flaws of conventional thinking and shows that continued American presence and involvement in the Middle East have tremendous political and economic costs that outweigh the benefits. He challenges the United States to let the regional states take increased responsibility for security, economic growth, and political stability.
It is about time, Hadar contends, for the European Union to play a greater role in the Middle East. The Europeans have far more at stake in the future of the Middle East, due to their geographical proximity, economic ties, and demographic links to the region.
As Americans re‐examine why their country is bogged down in the Middle East, and as they discuss the roots of American failure and the bases of future interaction in the Middle East, Sandstorm is essential reading.