From furious reactions to the cartoons of Prophet Muhammad to the suppression of women, news from the Muslim world begs the question: is Islam incompatible with freedom? With an eye sympathetic to Western liberalism and Islamic theology, Mustafa Akyol traces the ideological and historical roots of political Islam. The years following Muhammad’s passing in 632 AD saw an intellectual “war of ideas” rage between rationalist, flexible schools of Islam and the more dogmatic, rigid ones. The traditionalist school won out, fostering perceptions of Islam as antithetical to modernity. However, through his careful reexamination of the currents of Muslim thought, Akyol discovers a flourishing of liberalism in the nineteenth‐century Ottoman Empire and the unique “Islamo‐liberal synthesis” of present‐day Turkey. Only by accepting a secular state, he powerfully asserts, can Islamic societies thrive. Persuasive and inspiring, Islam without Extremes offers a desperately needed intellectual basis for the reconcilability of Islam and religious, political, economic, and social freedoms.
Islam without Extremes
A Muslim Case for Liberty
About the Author
A Turkish journalist and author, Mustafa Akyol studied political science and history at Bogazici University. Since early 2000’s, he has been writing regular opinion columns for Turkish publications like Hurriyet Daily News, and recently for the Middle‐East focused Al-Monitor.com. Since fall 2013, he is also a regular contributing opinion writer for The New York Times.