The U.S. military occupation of Iraq has already cost more than 3,000 American lives and $350 billion. In "Escaping the Trap: Why the United States Must Leave Iraq," Cato scholar Ted Galen Carpenter argues for a rapid and comprehensive withdrawal from Iraq. "It is time to admit that the Iraq mission has failed and cut our losses. We need an exit strategy that is measured in months, not years." Carpenter also examines alternative prescriptions offered by opponents of immediate withdrawal—gradual or partial withdrawal, escalation, and partitioning—and concludes that they are unrealistic, expensive, and insufficient to stem the violence in Iraq.