Where Do K-1 Visa Holders Come From?

Syed Farook and Tashfeen Malik were killed last week in a gun battle with police after they committed a mass shooting in San Bernardino, California.  Malik entered the U.S. on a K-1 visa, known as the fiancé visa, accompanied by Farook.  Their attack is the first perpetrated by somebody on the K-1 visa - igniting a debate over increasing visa security.   

The government issued approximately 262,162 K-1 visas from 2005 to 2013 – 3177 or 1.21 percent of the total to Pakistani citizens. 

Senator Rand Paul’s (R-KY) SECURE Act identifies 34 countries as particularly terror-prone.  There were 32,363 K-1 visa, 12.34 percent of the total, issued to citizens from those countries from 2005 to 2013. 

The top ten countries for sending fiancés are the Philippines (17.34%), China (6.45%), Vietnam (5.56%), Mexico (4.99%), Colombia (3.77%), Russia (3.14%), Dominican Republic (3.12%), United Kingdom (3.12%), Thailand (2.72%), and Canada (2.67%).  Those top ten countries are responsible for 52.77 percent of all K-1 visas issued from 2005 to 2013.  Russia is the only country in the top ten that Senator Paul considers a risk.  Pakistan is number 23.

K-1 Visa Entrants, Country of Citizenship

 

2005-2013

Total

262,162

99.90%

Afghanistan

1,482

0.57%

Albania

468

0.18%

Algeria

309

0.12%

Andorra

0

0.00%

Angola

14

0.01%

Antigua and Barbuda

22

0.01%

Argentina

886

0.34%

Armenia

789

0.30%

Australia

1,993

0.76%

Austria

152

0.06%

Azerbaijan

152

0.06%

Bahamas

75

0.03%

Bahrain

0

0.00%

Bangladesh

143

0.05%

Barbados

42

0.02%

Belarus

865

0.33%

Belgium

242

0.09%

Belize

89

0.03%

Benin

36

0.01%

Bhutan

4

0.00%

Bolivia

367

0.14%

Bosnia and   Herzegovina

442

0.17%

Botswana

12

0.00%

Brazil

4,590

1.75%

Brunei

0

0.00%

Bulgaria

587

0.22%

Burkina Faso

49

0.02%

Burma

484

0.18%

Burundi

9

0.00%

Cambodia

5,744

2.19%

Cameroon

482

0.18%

Canada

7,004

2.67%

Cape Verde

306

0.12%

Central African   Republic

0

0.00%

Chad

0

0.00%

Chile

611

0.23%

China

16,916

6.45%

Colombia

9,880

3.77%

Comoros

0

0.00%

Congo   (Brazzaville)

82

0.03%

Congo   (Kinshasa)

34

0.01%

Costa Rica

691

0.26%

Cote d’Ivoire

105

0.04%

Croatia

182

0.07%

Cuba

3,324

1.27%

Cyprus

3

0.00%

Czech Republic

232

0.09%

Denmark

225

0.09%

Djibouti

12

0.00%

Dominica

113

0.04%

Dominican Republic

8,171

3.12%

East Timor

0

0.00%

Ecuador

1,383

0.53%

Egypt

1,337

0.51%

El Salvador

1,128

0.43%

Equatorial Guinea

0

0.00%

Eritrea

300

0.11%

Estonia

80

0.03%

Ethiopia

2,791

1.06%

Fiji

94

0.04%

Finland

213

0.08%

France

1,267

0.48%

Gabon

5

0.00%

Gambia

165

0.06%

Georgia

166

0.06%

Germany

2,619

1.00%

Ghana

2,150

0.82%

Greece

156

0.06%

Grenada

49

0.02%

Guatemala

785

0.30%

Guinea

184

0.07%

Guinea-Bissau

4

0.00%

Guyana

667

0.25%

Haiti

4,502

1.72%

Holy See

0

0.00%

Honduras

891

0.34%

Hungary

276

0.11%

Iceland

45

0.02%

India

6,690

2.55%

Indonesia

1,246

0.48%

Iran

3,280

1.25%

Iraq

1,143

0.44%

Ireland

730

0.28%

Israel

451

0.17%

Italy

738

0.28%

Jamaica

2,811

1.07%

Japan

3,630

1.38%

Jordan

673

0.26%

Kazakhstan

405

0.15%

Kenya

652

0.25%

Kiribati

0

0.00%

Korea,   North

0

0.00%

Korea,   South

2,706

1.03%

Kuwait

16

0.01%

Kyrgyzstan

252

0.10%

Laos

3,204

1.22%

Latvia

177

0.07%

Lebanon

1,288

0.49%

Lesotho

0

0.00%

Liberia

355

0.14%

Libya

122

0.05%

Liechtenstein

0

0.00%

Lithuania

224

0.09%

Luxembourg

0

0.00%

Macedonia

275

0.10%

Madagascar

35

0.01%

Malawi

12

0.00%

Malaysia

447

0.17%

Maldives

0

0.00%

Mali

81

0.03%

Malta

8

0.00%

Marshall Islands

0

0.00%

Mauritania

5

0.00%

Mauritius

15

0.01%

Mexico

13,077

4.99%

Micronesia,   Federated States of

0

0.00%

Moldova

473

0.18%

Monaco

0

0.00%

Mongolia

107

0.04%

Morocco

1,798

0.69%

Mozambique

20

0.01%

Namibia

8

0.00%

Nauru

0

0.00%

Nepal

409

0.16%

Netherlands

754

0.29%

New   Zealand

506

0.19%

Nicaragua

806

0.31%

Niger

64

0.02%

Nigeria

4,900

1.87%

Norway

234

0.09%

Oman

0

0.00%

Pakistan

3,177

1.21%

Palau

0

0.00%

Panama

430

0.16%

Papua New Guinea

3

0.00%

Paraguay

147

0.06%

Peru

4,017

1.53%

Philippines

45,468

17.34%

Poland

1,368

0.52%

Portugal

176

0.07%

Qatar

3

0.00%

Romania

1,880

0.72%

Russia

8,231

3.14%

Rwanda

63

0.02%

Saint Kitts and   Nevis

12

0.00%

Saint Lucia

50

0.02%

Saint Vincent and   the Grenadines

42

0.02%

Samoa

9

0.00%

San Marino

0

0.00%

Sao Tome and   Principe

0

0.00%

Saudi Arabia

110

0.04%

Senegal

278

0.11%

Serbia and   Montenegro

56

0.02%

Seychelles

0

0.00%

Sierra Leone

567

0.22%

Singapore

263

0.10%

Slovakia

196

0.07%

Slovenia

27

0.01%

Solomon Islands

0

0.00%

Somalia

162

0.06%

South Africa

677

0.26%

Spain

616

0.23%

Sri Lanka

171

0.07%

Sudan

146

0.06%

Suriname

11

0.00%

Swaziland

0

0.00%

Sweden

539

0.21%

Switzerland

223

0.09%

Syria

1,237

0.47%

Taiwan

907

0.35%

Tajikistan

39

0.01%

Tanzania

143

0.05%

Thailand

7,142

2.72%

Togo

152

0.06%

Tonga

64

0.02%

Trinidad and Tobago

383

0.15%

Tunisia

142

0.05%

Turkey

843

0.32%

Turkmenistan

31

0.01%

Tuvalu

0

0.00%

Uganda

292

0.11%

Ukraine

6,940

2.65%

United Arab   Emirates

15

0.01%

United   Kingdom

7,898

3.01%

Uruguay

128

0.05%

Uzbekistan

502

0.19%

Vanuatu

0

0.00%

Venezuela

998

0.38%

Vietnam

14,565

5.56%

Yemen

76

0.03%

Zambia

57

0.02%

Zimbabwe

66

0.03%

Unknown/Other

5,661

2.16%

Source: Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, Supplemental Table 1