December 7, 2015 12:39PM

Where Do K‑1 Visa Holders Come From?

Syed Farook and Tashfeen Malik were killed last week in a gun battle with police after they committed a mass shooting in San Bernardino, California.  Malik entered the U.S. on a K-1 visa, known as the fiancé visa, accompanied by Farook.  Their attack is the first perpetrated by somebody on the K-1 visa - igniting a debate over increasing visa security.   

The government issued approximately 262,162 K-1 visas from 2005 to 2013 – 3177 or 1.21 percent of the total to Pakistani citizens. 

Senator Rand Paul’s (R-KY) SECURE Act identifies 34 countries as particularly terror-prone.  There were 32,363 K-1 visa, 12.34 percent of the total, issued to citizens from those countries from 2005 to 2013. 

The top ten countries for sending fiancés are the Philippines (17.34%), China (6.45%), Vietnam (5.56%), Mexico (4.99%), Colombia (3.77%), Russia (3.14%), Dominican Republic (3.12%), United Kingdom (3.12%), Thailand (2.72%), and Canada (2.67%).  Those top ten countries are responsible for 52.77 percent of all K-1 visas issued from 2005 to 2013.  Russia is the only country in the top ten that Senator Paul considers a risk.  Pakistan is number 23.

K-1 Visa Entrants, Country of Citizenship


 


2005-2013


Total


262,162


99.90%


Afghanistan


1,482


0.57%


Albania


468


0.18%


Algeria


309


0.12%


Andorra


0


0.00%


Angola


14


0.01%


Antigua and Barbuda


22


0.01%


Argentina


886


0.34%


Armenia


789


0.30%


Australia


1,993


0.76%


Austria


152


0.06%


Azerbaijan


152


0.06%


Bahamas


75


0.03%


Bahrain


0


0.00%


Bangladesh


143


0.05%


Barbados


42


0.02%


Belarus


865


0.33%


Belgium


242


0.09%


Belize


89


0.03%


Benin


36


0.01%


Bhutan


4


0.00%


Bolivia


367


0.14%


Bosnia and   Herzegovina


442


0.17%


Botswana


12


0.00%


Brazil


4,590


1.75%


Brunei


0


0.00%


Bulgaria


587


0.22%


Burkina Faso


49


0.02%


Burma


484


0.18%


Burundi


9


0.00%


Cambodia


5,744


2.19%


Cameroon


482


0.18%


Canada


7,004


2.67%


Cape Verde


306


0.12%


Central African   Republic


0


0.00%


Chad


0


0.00%


Chile


611


0.23%


China


16,916


6.45%


Colombia


9,880


3.77%


Comoros


0


0.00%


Congo   (Brazzaville)


82


0.03%


Congo   (Kinshasa)


34


0.01%


Costa Rica


691


0.26%


Cote d'Ivoire


105


0.04%


Croatia


182


0.07%


Cuba


3,324


1.27%


Cyprus


3


0.00%


Czech Republic


232


0.09%


Denmark


225


0.09%


Djibouti


12


0.00%


Dominica


113


0.04%


Dominican Republic


8,171


3.12%


East Timor


0


0.00%


Ecuador


1,383


0.53%


Egypt


1,337


0.51%


El Salvador


1,128


0.43%


Equatorial Guinea


0


0.00%


Eritrea


300


0.11%


Estonia


80


0.03%


Ethiopia


2,791


1.06%


Fiji


94


0.04%


Finland


213


0.08%


France


1,267


0.48%


Gabon


5


0.00%


Gambia


165


0.06%


Georgia


166


0.06%


Germany


2,619


1.00%


Ghana


2,150


0.82%


Greece


156


0.06%


Grenada


49


0.02%


Guatemala


785


0.30%


Guinea


184


0.07%


Guinea-Bissau


4


0.00%


Guyana


667


0.25%


Haiti


4,502


1.72%


Holy See


0


0.00%


Honduras


891


0.34%


Hungary


276


0.11%


Iceland


45


0.02%


India


6,690


2.55%


Indonesia


1,246


0.48%


Iran


3,280


1.25%


Iraq


1,143


0.44%


Ireland


730


0.28%


Israel


451


0.17%


Italy


738


0.28%


Jamaica


2,811


1.07%


Japan


3,630


1.38%


Jordan


673


0.26%


Kazakhstan


405


0.15%


Kenya


652


0.25%


Kiribati


0


0.00%


Korea,   North


0


0.00%


Korea,   South


2,706


1.03%


Kuwait


16


0.01%


Kyrgyzstan


252


0.10%


Laos


3,204


1.22%


Latvia


177


0.07%


Lebanon


1,288


0.49%


Lesotho


0


0.00%


Liberia


355


0.14%


Libya


122


0.05%


Liechtenstein


0


0.00%


Lithuania


224


0.09%


Luxembourg


0


0.00%


Macedonia


275


0.10%


Madagascar


35


0.01%


Malawi


12


0.00%


Malaysia


447


0.17%


Maldives


0


0.00%


Mali


81


0.03%


Malta


8


0.00%


Marshall Islands


0


0.00%


Mauritania


5


0.00%


Mauritius


15


0.01%


Mexico


13,077


4.99%


Micronesia,   Federated States of


0


0.00%


Moldova


473


0.18%


Monaco


0


0.00%


Mongolia


107


0.04%


Morocco


1,798


0.69%


Mozambique


20


0.01%


Namibia


8


0.00%


Nauru


0


0.00%


Nepal


409


0.16%


Netherlands


754


0.29%


New   Zealand


506


0.19%


Nicaragua


806


0.31%


Niger


64


0.02%


Nigeria


4,900


1.87%


Norway


234


0.09%


Oman


0


0.00%


Pakistan


3,177


1.21%


Palau


0


0.00%


Panama


430


0.16%


Papua New Guinea


3


0.00%


Paraguay


147


0.06%


Peru


4,017


1.53%


Philippines


45,468


17.34%


Poland


1,368


0.52%


Portugal


176


0.07%


Qatar


3


0.00%


Romania


1,880


0.72%


Russia


8,231


3.14%


Rwanda


63


0.02%


Saint Kitts and   Nevis


12


0.00%


Saint Lucia


50


0.02%


Saint Vincent and   the Grenadines


42


0.02%


Samoa


9


0.00%


San Marino


0


0.00%


Sao Tome and   Principe


0


0.00%


Saudi Arabia


110


0.04%


Senegal


278


0.11%


Serbia and   Montenegro


56


0.02%


Seychelles


0


0.00%


Sierra Leone


567


0.22%


Singapore


263


0.10%


Slovakia


196


0.07%


Slovenia


27


0.01%


Solomon Islands


0


0.00%


Somalia


162


0.06%


South Africa


677


0.26%


Spain


616


0.23%


Sri Lanka


171


0.07%


Sudan


146


0.06%


Suriname


11


0.00%


Swaziland


0


0.00%


Sweden


539


0.21%


Switzerland


223


0.09%


Syria


1,237


0.47%


Taiwan


907


0.35%


Tajikistan


39


0.01%


Tanzania


143


0.05%


Thailand


7,142


2.72%


Togo


152


0.06%


Tonga


64


0.02%


Trinidad and Tobago


383


0.15%


Tunisia


142


0.05%


Turkey


843


0.32%


Turkmenistan


31


0.01%


Tuvalu


0


0.00%


Uganda


292


0.11%


Ukraine


6,940


2.65%


United Arab   Emirates


15


0.01%


United   Kingdom


7,898


3.01%


Uruguay


128


0.05%


Uzbekistan


502


0.19%


Vanuatu


0


0.00%


Venezuela


998


0.38%


Vietnam


14,565


5.56%


Yemen


76


0.03%


Zambia


57


0.02%


Zimbabwe


66


0.03%


Unknown/Other


5,661


2.16%

Source: Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, Supplemental Table 1