The Future of Freedom in Cuba

May/​June 2013 • Policy Report

The Castro dictatorship has clung to power in Cuba for more than five decades. But as the regime ages, the outside sources of finance that buttress it are being put in jeopardy. At the same time, a new generation of Cubans is using the Internet to protest the pervasive lack of freedom and opportunity in their country.

At a Cato Policy Forum in March, two prominent Cuban dissident writers — both recently given permission to travel outside of their country — described life in current‐​day Cuba. In doing so, they provided a window into the activities of the island’s dissident community — a group struggling to make an impact in the face of repression — and shared their vision of a pluralistic, tolerant society.

Yoani Sanchez, a dissident blogger referred to by the New York Times as “a cause célèbre for democracy on the island,” discussed the wave of repression that has been unleashed in Cuba, as well as “the effervescence of new movements, of new voices” challenging the state. She referred, in particular, to the metaphor of a wall. “The people in Berlin had their own wall made of cement and concrete,” Sanchez said. While this barrier was a very tangible one, the Cubans are dealing with the difficulties of trying to tear down a wall of censorship.

Following her remarks, Orlando Luis Pardo Lazo, photographer and editor of the independent e‐​zine Voces, assessed the extent of Raul Castro’s so‐​called reforms and offered his thoughts on the prospects of a free and open country. In short, he highlighted the crucial importance of dissent. “Ultimately, I am just another critical voice within the chorus of voices of an emerging civic society that has struggled for years … against the totalitarian nature of our state,” he said.

In a country where everyday citizens increasingly feel the indignities of a totalitarian regime, these exercises of personal freedom are a poignant reminder of the power of the individual.

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