Sanandaji also notes that Swedish welfare benefits, equal to 74 percent of average wages in 2012, diminish refugee employment. The result is that educated Iranian refugees fare almost as poorly as uneducated Somalis — in stark contrast to the United States, where Iranian refugees eventually outperform native‐born Americans.
Germany let in over a million asylum seekers in 2015. The Cologne Institute for Economic Research estimates that this intake will cost the German taxpayers 15,000 euros (about $17,000) per asylum seeker per year — an enormous sum that adds up to 50 billion through 2017. A refugee costs the U.S. government $10,000 for the first year and less after that.
To ease this burden, existing welfare benefits that refugees receive should be curtailed and private groups should fill the gap — just as they did in the late 1980s and early 1990s when they resettled refugees from Communist countries.
Locking immigrants out of employment and onto welfare dependency has a high psychological cost. The Center for Migration Studies found that Soviet refugees to the United States who worked and lived in states with less welfare benefits were more satisfied with their lives, upwardly mobile, and hopeful about the future. Many Europeans would be less pessimistic about their future if their refugee populations earned hope through work rather than languishing in despair produced by welfare dependency and unemployment.
Another important thing to remember is that Syrians don’t have to be refugees. The Gulf States are hosting over 1.2 million Syrians on work permits — over five times as many as at the beginning of the civil war. They are not refugees, but every Syrian working in the Persian Gulf is one fewer in a refugee camp or in Turkey, Lebanon, and Jordan, or on their way to Europe.
The 600,000 Syrian refugees in Jordan have just been granted work permits. To boost job creation in Jordan, the European Union is liberalizing trade with them in the hopes that firms in Jordan will boost exports and increase employment opportunities. The United States should also loosen its trade restrictions with Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey to boost job creation for refugees overseas.
The United States will admit more Syrian refugees in the near future. Emphasizing their work opportunities here and abroad by restricting welfare, loosening trade, and allowing them to come on work visas will help them integrate more quickly and thoroughly. Refugees can be traumatized. Allowing them to help themselves without costing taxpayers will help them adjust to their new lives in the West.