As Thomas Jefferson’s birthday (April 13) approaches – and last night being the first night of Passover, which Jews celebrate to commemorate their deliverance from slavery – I thought I’d comment on a disturbing tale that reminds us again that “the price of liberty is eternal vigilance.”
In celebration of Thomas Jefferson’s (265th) birthday last year, about 20 D.C.-area libertarians gathered at the Jefferson Memorial just before midnight. The plan was to have a music-through-headphones dance party for the father of the Declaration of Independence (i.e. each person would dance to the tune of his individual iPod). I was actually supposed to attend, but for some reason did not make it.
It was a short-lived party, however, with an ending that would almost certainly have made our nation’s third president frown in disapproval.
Shortly after the silent bopping started, U.S. Park Police officers began to disperse the partygoers. After shooing and pushing revelers (who were drunk only on liberty) off the memorial, one officer confronted the lone remaining dancer, Brooke Oberwetter, and told her to leave. Oberwetter calmly asked what law or rules she was violating. The officer provided no explanation but continued to insist that she leave. Not satisfied with the officer’s response, Oberwetter stood her ground – until the officer pushed her against a stone pillar, handcuffed her, and led her away.
Now, nearly one year later – after the citation against her (for “interfering with an agency function,” whatever that means) was neither dropped nor pursued – Oberwetter filed suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia against the arresting officer, Kenneth Hilliard, and the Secretary of the Interior, Kenneth Salazar (whose office oversees the Park Police). Oberwetter argues that Hilliard and the Park Police violated her First Amendment rights by interrupting and preventing her expressive activity and freedom of assembly. She also alleges that here Fourth Amendment rights were violated when she was arrested without probable cause and with excessive force.
The complaint, available here, is a model of legal writing. Pithy, legally sound, and eminently readable, I cannot recommend it more highly to law students and young lawyers. This is perhaps not surprising because Oberwetter’s counsel is none other than my friend Alan Gura, who last year successfully argued D.C. v. Heller before the Supreme Court.
Here’s a recent TV news story about the case and here’s Radley Balko’s (formerly of Cato, now at Reason) original post about the incident.
Full disclosure: While our tenures never crossed, Oberwetter is a former Cato employee – and a social acquaintance. I wish Brooke and Alan the best in their fight against such arbitrary use of government power to oppress basic liberty. (As Alan told me, a good rule of thumb for police: if you can’t think of any charges, even a few weeks later, it was probably a bad arrest.) And I hope the incident gets Kevin Bacon thinking sequel.