Today, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released a report detailing deportations (henceforth “removals”) conducted by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) during the fiscal year of 2017. This post presents data on removals in historical context combined with information from Pew and the Center for Migration Studies.
ICE deported 81,603 illegal immigrants from the interior of the United States in 2017, up from 65,332 in 2016. Removals from the interior peaked during the Obama administration in 2011 at 237,941 (Figure 1). ICE also removed large numbers of people apprehended at the border. Since 2012, border removals have outnumbered those from the interior of the United States.
Interior and Border Removals by ICE, 2008-2017
Source: Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
The Obama administration removed 1,242,486 from the interior of the United States during its full eight years, averaging 155,311 removals per year. Data from the earlier Bush administration are more speculative but they show more deportations under Obama than under Bush.