722 (Author at Cato Institute) https://www.cato.org/ en Ian Vasquez and Enrique Ghersi participate in the webinar, “Hacia el totalitarismo sanitario?”, hosted by Cafe Virtual with Daniel Cordova https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-enrique-ghersi-participate-webinar-hacia-el Fri, 26 Jun 2020 11:15:49 -0400 Ian Vásquez, Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-enrique-ghersi-participate-webinar-hacia-el Enrique Ghersi discusses the Peruvian government destroying the economy in the name of fighting COVID-19 on Willax TV’s Milagros Leiva Entrevista https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-peruvian-government-destroying-economy-name Thu, 28 May 2020 12:17:31 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-peruvian-government-destroying-economy-name Enrique Ghersi discusses how the state exacts control during the pandemic on Redes y Poder https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-how-state-exacts-control-during-pandemic Wed, 13 May 2020 10:56:11 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-how-state-exacts-control-during-pandemic Enrique Ghersi discusses the Peruvian economy on Willax TV’s Milagros Leiva Entrevista https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-peruvian-economy-willax-tvs-milagros-leiva Fri, 08 May 2020 11:11:22 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-peruvian-economy-willax-tvs-milagros-leiva Enrique Ghersi participates in the webinar, “Responsibility and the Limits of the State,” hosted by Caminos de la Libertad https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-participates-webinar-responsibility-limits-state Fri, 03 Apr 2020 11:46:17 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-participates-webinar-responsibility-limits-state Enrique Ghersi discusses the importance of property rights on ADN’s La Entrevista con Sarmiento https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-importance-property-rights-adns-la Tue, 09 Jan 2018 11:57:00 -0500 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-importance-property-rights-adns-la Enrique Ghersi gives a lecture on rights and the limits of government power at the Fundación para el Progreso https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-gives-lecture-rights-limits-government-power-fundacion Wed, 07 Sep 2016 11:27:00 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-gives-lecture-rights-limits-government-power-fundacion Enrique Ghersi discusses the rule of law versus state law in an Instituto de Juan Mariana produced video https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-rule-law-versus-state-law-instituto-de-juan Sun, 01 May 2016 09:38:00 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-rule-law-versus-state-law-instituto-de-juan Enrique Ghersi discusses the different types of liberalism on Voz Liberal del Perú https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-different-types-liberalism-voz-liberal-del Sun, 18 Oct 2015 12:18:00 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-different-types-liberalism-voz-liberal-del Enrique Ghersi discusses principles and self‐​interest in Peru on Peru 21’s Izquierda y Derecha https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-principles-self-interest-peru-peru-21s Mon, 11 May 2015 12:23:00 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-principles-self-interest-peru-peru-21s Enrique Ghersi discusses judicial reform on La Hora con Jaime de Althaus Guarderas https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-judicial-reform-la-hora-con-jaime-de-althaus Tue, 30 Dec 2014 10:31:00 -0500 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-judicial-reform-la-hora-con-jaime-de-althaus Enrique Ghersi discusses political terrorism on Portada https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-political-terrorism-portada Fri, 26 Dec 2014 10:33:00 -0500 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-discusses-political-terrorism-portada Enrique Ghersi gives a lecture on Latin America mercantilist tradition at a Cato University in Chile https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-gives-lecture-latin-america-mercantilist-tradition Mon, 23 Dec 2013 13:34:00 -0500 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/enrique-ghersi-gives-lecture-latin-america-mercantilist-tradition South America’s New‐​style Military Coup https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/south-americas-newstyle-military-coup Enrique Ghersi <div class="lead mb-3 spacer--nomargin--last-child text-default"> <p>A new form of military coup d’état is emerging in South America. </p> </div> , <div class="mb-3 spacer--nomargin--last-child text-default"> <p>Today’s new militarism is characterized by leftist military men who lead a&nbsp;rebellion, are jailed for it, and then emerge with the popularity to win the next presidential election with large majorities of the vote. </p> <p>With the patriarchal blessing of Fidel Castro, the model of new militarism started with Hugo Chávez, the Venezuelan colonel who led a&nbsp;failed coup in 1992, served two years in prison, and returned to capture the presidency in 1998. Ecuador’s President Lucio Gutierrez — an Army colonel who led a&nbsp;successful indigenous rebellion in 2000, was jailed briefly, and was elected president last November — has consolidated the trend that, without a&nbsp;doubt, will spread. </p> <p>There are imitators of these caudillos everywhere on a&nbsp;continent where confidence in free markets has been shaken and prevailing public opinion is that democracy has failed. </p> <p>In Bolivia, one such imitator, Evo Morales, seems to be very interested in exercising this new‐​style coup d’état. Though not a&nbsp;military leader, he is a&nbsp;populist who blames Bolivia’s problems on capitalism and explicitly admires Cuban communism and its military leader Fidel Castro. Mr. Morales has successfully roused indigenous masses to violent protest over economic hardship that has resulted, in part, from questionable economic policies. In February, those demonstrations led to street violence, including 33 deaths, the reversal of some government policies, and the weakening of the government. </p> <p>Not long ago, here in Peru, we had another self‐​appointed upstart, Lt. Col. Ollanta Humala. Despite leading a&nbsp;mutiny during the last few days of the presidency of Alberto Fujimori, Colonel Humala has just been “rewarded” with the post of Peruvian military attaché to France. What tremendous foolishness: Three of Peru’s former military dictators — Oscar R. Benavides, Luis M. Sanchez Cerro, and Juan Velasco Alvarado — held the same post before returning to Lima to strike their blow. If the pattern holds, Ollanta Humala could be next. </p> <p>This neomilitarism is characterized by a&nbsp;profound hostility to demo‐ cratic society and to an open economy. It also seems to have a&nbsp;pronounced populist accent and a&nbsp;dangerous dose of communist infiltration. In essence, it represents the popular dissatisfaction with democratic policy in Latin America. </p> <p>The paradox is that this doesn’t seem to worry the United States. Of course, that’s historically typical — more so now, because after Sept. 11, American foreign policy seems to be based exclusively on national security criteria. If in the past, Washington was not bothered by Somoza, Trujillo, and Duvalier, why should it be bothered now by Chávez, Gutierrez, or whoever else might come along? </p> <p>The first wave of Latin American militarism occurred after the wars of independence and was largely a&nbsp;settling of political control with military strongmen alternating in power, often overthrowing one another and plunging the region into a&nbsp;series of civil wars. </p> <p>The second wave was characterized by a&nbsp;combination of the doctrine of national security and the military taking a&nbsp;role in managing economic policy. Brazil’s Getulio Vargas, Argentina’s Juan Peron, and Chile’s Augusto Pinochet all came to power at different times in this 20th‐​century wave of militarism and were influential in shaping modern economic profiles of their nations. </p> <p>In today’s incarnation of militarism, which comes on the heels of two decades of democratic progress, it would not be possible simply to install a&nbsp;military government because of the international consequences and the isolation it would entail. Our modern caudillos resort to a&nbsp;stratagem of leading what they know will be a&nbsp;failed revolution in order to become democratic candidates against the system. It’s a&nbsp;kind of plebiscitary Bonapartist revival — and it’s a&nbsp;new perversion of Latin American democracy.</p> </div> Thu, 19 Jun 2003 00:00:00 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/south-americas-newstyle-military-coup The Informal Economy in Latin America https://www.cato.org/cato-journal/springsummer-1997/informal-economy-latin-america Sat, 31 May 1997 00:00:00 -0400 Enrique Ghersi https://www.cato.org/cato-journal/springsummer-1997/informal-economy-latin-america