44 (Author at Cato Institute) https://www.cato.org/ en Rep. Andy Barr (R‑KY) cites Cato’s Human Freedom Index on C‑SPAN https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/rep-andy-barr-r-ky-cites-catos-human-freedom-index-c-span Sat, 21 Dec 2019 11:11:10 -0500 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/rep-andy-barr-r-ky-cites-catos-human-freedom-index-c-span New Human Freedom Index: U.S. Is 15, New Zealand and Switzerland Freest https://www.cato.org/blog/new-human-freedom-index-us-15-new-zealand-switzerland-freest Ian Vásquez <p>The United States ranks 15&nbsp;in the <a href="https://www.cato.org/human-freedom-index-new">Human Freedom Index 2019</a> released today by the Cato Institute, the Fraser Institute in Canada, and the Liberales Institut at the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom in Germany. The five freest jurisdictions are New Zealand, Switzerland, Hong Kong, Canada, and Australia.</p> <p>The annual Index uses 76 indicators of personal, civil, and economic freedom in 162 countries for 2017, the most recent year for which sufficient, globally comparable data are available. The report finds that global freedom has declined slightly since 2008, with more countries (79) seeing a&nbsp;fall in their levels of freedom than seeing an improvement (61).</p> <p>Other selected countries rank as follow: United Kingdom (14), Taiwan (19), Chile (28), France (33), Mauritius (50), South Africa (64), India (94), Russia (114), China (126), Saudi Arabia (149) and Venezuela (161).</p> <p>My coauthor <a href="https://www.cato.org/people/tanja-porcnik">Tanja Porcnik</a> and I&nbsp;also find a&nbsp;strong relationship between economic and personal freedom, suggesting that if you want to live in a&nbsp;country that has high levels of personal freedom, you should choose a&nbsp;place with relatively high levels of economic freedom. Overall freedom is also correlated with significantly higher incomes per capita ($40,171 for the top quartile countries vs. $15,721 for the bottom quartile) and with democracy (see graph below).</p> <div data-embed-button="embed" data-entity-embed-display="view_mode:media.blog_post" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-uuid="f1539262-2026-449f-aa34-be545cf7bfc4" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity"> <div class="embed embed--infogram js-embed js-embed--infogram"> <div class="infogram-embed" data-id="3a0e0392-361b-405e-a94e-857bbe6eed57" data-type="interactive" data-title="Human Freedom and Democracy, 2017"></div> </div> </div> <p>The index allows you to examine regional and country trends. Compared to other free countries, for example, the United States has a&nbsp;low rating for the rule of law, which has experienced a&nbsp;slight deterioration in recent years. Those are worrisome developments given the fundamental role that the rule of law plays in upholding liberty. The effects of populism and especially authoritarian populism on freedom around the globe can be seen in the report. For example, Turkey under Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s increasingly autocratic leadership has seen a&nbsp;notable decline in liberty this decade (see graph). Among ten regions in the world, the largest drop in freedom since 2008 has occurred in the Middle East and North Africa, also the region with the least freedom.</p> <div data-embed-button="embed" data-entity-embed-display="view_mode:media.blog_post" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-uuid="e1eddf97-d5cc-4b1c-9ca9-aa4c12730965" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity"> <div class="embed embed--infogram js-embed js-embed--infogram"> <div class="infogram-embed" data-id="8e902614-2410-4cba-8815-28488fc79d7d" data-type="interactive" data-title="Turkey, Ranking over Time"></div> </div> </div> <p>Read more about how your country rates, about global freedom trends, and why it matters <a href="https://www.cato.org/human-freedom-index-new">here</a>.</p> Wed, 18 Dec 2019 11:03:17 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/blog/new-human-freedom-index-us-15-new-zealand-switzerland-freest Human Freedom Index is cited on CNBC https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/human-freedom-index-cited-cnbc Mon, 16 Dec 2019 13:10:14 -0500 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/human-freedom-index-cited-cnbc Ian Vasquez discusses unconditional cash transfers on CNN en Español’s Dinero https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-unconditional-cash-transfers-cnn-en-espanols Wed, 04 Dec 2019 11:29:05 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-unconditional-cash-transfers-cnn-en-espanols Human Freedom Index is cited on Bloomberg’s What’d You Miss https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/human-freedom-index-cited-bloombergs-whatd-you-miss Tue, 19 Nov 2019 11:36:33 -0500 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/human-freedom-index-cited-bloombergs-whatd-you-miss Ian Vasquez discusses Bolivia and Evo Morales’ departure on Al Jazeera’s Upfront https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-bolivia-evo-morales-departure-al-jazeeras Fri, 15 Nov 2019 12:11:32 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-bolivia-evo-morales-departure-al-jazeeras Liberalism, Authoritarianism, and Good and Bad Transitions https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/liberalism-authoritarianism-good-bad-transitions Leszek Balcerowicz, Ian Vásquez <p>Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the transition experience of ex‐​socialist countries toward the market has been varied, with cases of successful economic and political reforms and cases of reform failure. Leszek Balcerowicz will explain how free‐​market economies based on the rule of law perform incomparably better than centrally planned economies, but, as he will also point out, that they can be undermined by constant pressure from illiberal interest groups, as is the case in many overregulated or fiscally fragile Western countries. Drawing from these experiences, he will discuss how various institutional regimes produce good and bad transitions, including more‐​recent ones toward authoritarianism.</p> Fri, 15 Nov 2019 12:00:00 -0500 Leszek Balcerowicz, Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/liberalism-authoritarianism-good-bad-transitions Ian Vásquez discusses Chile and constitutional reform on NTN24’s Cuestión de Poder https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-chile-constitutional-reform-ntn24s-cuestion-de Fri, 15 Nov 2019 11:34:46 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-chile-constitutional-reform-ntn24s-cuestion-de Ian Vasquez and Roberto Salinas‐​León discuss income inequality and prosperity across different nations on FOX Nation’s Deep Dive https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-roberto-salinas-leon-discuss-income-inequality Thu, 07 Nov 2019 11:20:40 -0500 Ian Vásquez, Roberto Salinas-León https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-roberto-salinas-leon-discuss-income-inequality Ian Vasquez discusses the War on Drugs and the failure of drug prohibition on FBN’s Kennedy https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-war-drugs-failure-drug-prohibition-fbns Tue, 05 Nov 2019 10:40:07 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-war-drugs-failure-drug-prohibition-fbns Chile’s Success Story Is Difficult to Deny https://www.cato.org/blog/chiles-success-story-difficult-deny Ian Vásquez <p>Weeks after a 3.75% rise in metro fares in Santiago, Chile sparked violent protests by a small group of students that then generated more widespread disruption, mostly peaceful mass protests continue. Some observers have seized on the political crisis to make often‐​repeated claims that Chile’s free‐​market model has generated growing inequality and been fundamentally unjust despite having produced greater wealth.</p> <p>Yet such claims are difficult to square with the facts. Since its free‐​market reforms began in 1975, Chile has quadrupled its income per capita, making it the most prosperous country in Latin America. Chile’s improvement on the whole range of indicators of well‐​being — e.g., maternal mortality, access to proper sanitation, etc. — is impressive, and the country consistently outperforms the region. It has the highest rating among Latin American countries on the UN’s <a href="http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries">Human Development Index </a>(and ranks 44<sup>th</sup> in the world); it has the best educational system in the region as measured by student performance; and it does not just have one of the freest economies in the world, it has the <a href="https://www.cato.org/human-freedom-index-new">highest levels of overall freedom</a>, including civil and personal liberties, in Latin America.</p> <p><strong>The Fall in Inequality </strong></p> <p>Chile’s growth has allowed it to reduce its poverty rate from more than 45% in the 1980s to 8.6%, and to create a large middle class. The country’s income inequality, which has been high for hundreds of years, has been falling considerably since the 1990s, according to the <a href="https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?end=2017&amp;locations=CL&amp;start=1987&amp;view=chart">World Bank</a>, and is lower than the Latin American average according to the <a href="https://www.cepal.org/en/publications/44396-social-panorama-latin-america-2018">UN’s Economic Commission on Latin America</a>. Costa Rica has greater inequality than Chile. (See graph). A <a href="https://lapj.hkspublications.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/19/2018/07/LAPJ_Valdes_2018.pdf">Harvard study</a> by Rodrigo Valdés, a finance minister of former socialist President Michelle Bachelete, found that from 1990 to 2015, the income of the poorest 10% of Chileans increased by 439%, while that of the top 10% went up by only 208%.</p> <div data-embed-button="image" data-entity-embed-display="view_mode:media.blog_post" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-uuid="54fdfb7f-ad55-4d7f-b601-eb0f1deb94ab" class="align-center embedded-entity" data-langcode="en"> <p><img srcset="/sites/cato.org/files/styles/pubs/public/2019-11/ChileInequality_0.png?itok=1CKHeUdF 1x, /sites/cato.org/files/styles/pubs_2x/public/2019-11/ChileInequality_0.png?itok=NAoY3P2G 1.5x" width="488" height="395" src="https://www.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/styles/pubs/public/2019-11/ChileInequality_0.png?itok=1CKHeUdF" alt="Gini Coefficient of Income Inequality" typeof="Image" class="component-image" /></p></div> <p><a href="https://www.cepchile.cl/cep/site/artic/20160304/asocfile/20160304100656/rev134_CSapelli.pdf">Studies</a> by <a href="https://www.elcato.org/libros/13836/chile-mas-equitativo-una-mirada-distinta-la-distribucion">Catholic University</a> professor Claudio Sapelli confirm a closing inequality gap in income and other indicators. Controlling for age and other factors, Sapelli furthermore finds that income inequality within generations (inequality within the same age cohort) is lower among younger generations than among older generations. That means that as the country matures, its overall income inequality goes down, as we have observed. Unlike developed countries, rapidly developing Chile has notably different levels of inequality per generation given the greater opportunities available to younger Chileans. For example, the number of students enrolled in higher education has increased by a factor of 10 since Chile’s reforms began.</p> <p>Compared to developed countries, a status that Chile is close to reaching, income inequality is high (though it is about average in terms of income before taxes and government transfers). For that reason, some advocate increasing taxation and distribution. Setting aside the effects on growth and opportunity that bigger government in Chile would have, Sapelli’s findings indicate that the country is already on a path toward continued decreases in income inequality that will put it in the same range as that of other developed countries in the not‐​too‐​distant future. (Using the standard Gini‐​coefficient measurement of income inequality, Sapelli estimates that Chile will have a Gini score of 0.35, indicating a lower inequality than that of Spain or the United States, for example, and slightly higher inequality than Canada’s 0.34).</p> <p><strong>High Social Mobility</strong></p> <p>Numerous studies have also documented Chile’s high social mobility. The <a href="https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/broken-elevator-how-to-promote-social-mobility_9789264301085-en#page207">OECD</a> (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) found that 23% of children born to fathers from the bottom quartile of income earnings move up to the highest quartile of earnings. Chile outperforms all other OECD member countries (made up mostly of the world’s rich countries) in this regard. Chile’s upward mobility from other quartiles also compares favorably to rich countries, according to the OECD, and it is one of the countries that shows the most downward mobility from the highest quartile.</p> <p>Using income deciles, Sapelli finds similarly high levels of income mobility. For example, over a ten‐​year period, the majority of those who were in the top decile have fallen to lower deciles, while 71% of those who began in the bottom decile have moved up to higher deciles. Sapelli finds a high degree of intra‐​generational mobility (mobility within the same generation) as well as inter‐​generational mobility (social status of one generation compared to another). For example, only 40% of Chileans aged 55 – 64 have had secondary education, compared to 85% of those aged 25 – 34, a figure that compares favorably to rich countries. After reviewing the evidence, Sapelli concludes that “Chile is a more socially mobile country than France, the United States, and Germany.”</p> <p><strong>Causes of Discontent</strong></p> <p>If Chile’s progress has been so impressive, what explains the protests? Many on Chile’s political left are interpreting the unrest as a rejection of the market model that the right has imposed on the country. But that interpretation is simplistic and wrong. Chile has been a democracy for about 30 years and center‐​left governments have ruled the country for most of that time. The current center‐​right government of Sebastián Piñera came to power less than two years ago when Chileans rejected the leftist candidate in favor of Piñera’s more pro‐​growth, market‐​oriented agenda.</p> <p>The causes of the current discontent are more complex and not yet fully understood. They no doubt express legitimate grievances. Growth experienced a significant slowdown during the previous government, and Piñera has not reversed anti‐​growth policies introduced by his predecessor nor has he been able to jump‐​start the economy as promised. The resulting stagnant wages combined with greater government spending and taxation without a corresponding improvement in the quality of public services has contributed to Chileans’ malaise. So have the corruption scandals that erupted during the previous government that implicated the major political parties and the business elite. Rising expectations that have gone unfulfilled are surely a part of this story.</p> <p>As <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SxIqMlMWEpI&amp;t=1s">Alvaro Vargas Llosa</a> explains, unlike during most of the post‐​Pinochet era, a good half of the Chilean left has become radicalized in recent years. It has muted voices of the moderate left with which it formed an alliance in the previous government and has strongly influenced Chile’s youth, who have grown up hearing its rhetoric that the past 30 years have been a failure. The right, center, and the moderate left have provided virtually no moral defense of the Chilean model despite its performance.</p> <p>When looting and violent protests broke out, the left justified the public disturbances and encouraged such protests to continue, explicitly calling on the president to step down. Using violence as a legitimate means to influence politics would set a terrible precedent and undermine Chile’s democracy, yet it is consistent with radical left ideology and makes strategic sense. As <a href="https://www.elcato.org/es-un-sinsentido-culpar-un-modelo-exitoso">Axel Kaiser</a> of the Fundación para el Progreso pointed out, were the far left successful in achieving its goal, the head of the Senate, a hard‐​left politician, would be next in line to take over as president.</p> <p>The protests can also be partially explained in a regional context. In recent months, similar unrest has broken out in numerous countries, including Ecuador, Argentina, and Honduras. Last month, the secretary general of the <a href="https://www.oas.org/en/media_center/press_release.asp?sCodigo=E-081/19">Organization American States </a>condemned the role that the Cuban and Venezuelan regimes have played in instigating and fueling regional instability:</p> <blockquote><p><span>The recent currents of destabilization of the political systems of the hemisphere have their origins in the strategy of the Bolivarian and Cuban dictatorships, which seek to reposition themselves once again, not through a process of re‐​institutionalization and re‐​democratization, but through their old methodology of exporting polarization and bad practices, to essentially finance, support and promote political and social conflict.</span></p> </blockquote> <p><span>Venezuelan dictator Nicolás Maduro and the regime’s number two, Diosdado Cabello, have in recent weeks explicitly referred to the instability in Chile and other countries as presaging a “<a href="https://www.infobae.com/america/venezuela/2019/10/20/la-advertencia-de-diosdado-cabello-sobre-los-estallidos-sociales-en-la-region-lo-que-esta-pasando-es-apenas-la-brisita-ahora-viene-el-huracan-bolivariano/">Bolivarian hurricane,</a>” in reference to Chávez‐​style socialism, and as part of the plan of the <a href="https://www.elnacional.com/venezuela/maduro-estamos-cumpliendo-el-plan-del-foro-de-sao-paulo-a-la-perfeccion/">Sao Paulo Forum</a>, the alliance of Latin America’s far‐​left political parties founded by Fidel Castro to undermine the region’s democracies. Nefarious outside influence has unfortunately played some role in Chile’s protests too. </span></p> <p>It is too early to tell how the political crisis will ultimately be resolved or to know all the factors that explain the protests. Chile’s impressive social and economic progress since the beginning of its market reforms are difficult to deny, however, and the protests can by no means be used to radically rewrite the country’s success story.</p> Sun, 03 Nov 2019 20:54:52 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/blog/chiles-success-story-difficult-deny Ian Vasquez discusses the crisis in Chile on CNN en Español’s Dinero https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-crisis-chile-cnn-en-espanols-dinero Sat, 26 Oct 2019 10:31:55 -0400 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-crisis-chile-cnn-en-espanols-dinero The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies, and the Fate of Liberty https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/narrow-corridor-states-societies-fate-liberty Daron Acemoglu, John V. C. Nye, Ian Vásquez <p>What does it take for liberty to emerge and to flourish? Daron Acemoglu will explain how, from antiquity to the modern age, the strong have tended to dominate the weak because states are too strong and despotic or because violence and lawlessness arise in their absence. Achieving liberty requires a&nbsp;constant struggle between the state and society that strikes a&nbsp;balance between the elite and citizens, and between institutions and norms. Acemoglu will draw from history to discuss how and under what conditions societies have gained freedoms, maintained them, or lost them. John Nye will critique Acemoglu’s views on the emergence and continuance of liberty.</p> Fri, 25 Oct 2019 10:09:10 -0400 Daron Acemoglu, John V. C. Nye, Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/narrow-corridor-states-societies-fate-liberty United States Ranks 5th in Economic Freedom https://www.cato.org/blog/united-states-ranks-5th-economic-freedom Ian Vásquez <p>The <a href="https://www.cato.org/economic-freedom-world">Economic Freedom of the World: 2019 Annual Report</a> is out today. The highest‐​ranking countries in this year’s index, co‐​published in the United States by the Fraser Institute and the Cato Institute, are Hong Kong, Singapore, New Zealand, Switzerland, and the United States.</p> <p>Hong Kong still ranks first in the index — which is based on 2017 data, the most recent year for which internationally comparable data are available — but we are concerned about its ability to maintain a&nbsp;high position given Beijing’s increasing intervention in the territory’s affairs. Already we have seen a&nbsp;decline in Hong Kong’s rule of law indicator since 2013, a&nbsp;worrisome trend for the overall level of economic freedom.</p> <p>Economic freedom in the United States has increased since 2013, but then leveled off in the last two years of the index. However, the level of U.S. economic freedom is still notably below what it was in the year 2000, when it began a&nbsp;long‐​term decline.</p> <p>The report finds that prosperity, longevity, political freedom and a&nbsp;whole range of indictors of human well‐​being are strongly associated with economic freedom. The graph below, for example, shows that economic freedom is unambiguously good for the poor, whose income is significantly higher in economically free countries than in less free ones.</p> <div data-embed-button="embed" data-entity-embed-display="view_mode:media.blog_post" data-entity-type="media" data-entity-uuid="922c253a-4b43-4c88-86d3-1a22e84e592f" data-langcode="en" class="embedded-entity"> <div class="embed embed--infogram js-embed js-embed--infogram"> <div class="infogram-embed" data-id="a54225ba-1eca-4717-bc90-78144fb75c01" data-type="interactive" data-title="Income Earned by Poorest 10%"></div> </div> </div> <p>The authors of the report — James Gwartney, Robert Lawson, Josh Hall, and Ryan Murphy — furthermore note that “the average income of the poorest 10% in the most economically free nations is two‐​thirds higher than the average per‐​capita income in the least‐​free nations.”</p> <p>The countries with the lowest rankings, in descending order, are Angola, Algeria, Sudan, Libya, and Venezuela. Find out more about economic freedom and where other countries rank <a href="https://www.cato.org/economic-freedom-world">here</a>.</p> Thu, 12 Sep 2019 10:22:06 -0400 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/blog/united-states-ranks-5th-economic-freedom Cato Institute event, Socialism Sucks, airs on C‑SPAN 2 https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/cato-institute-event-socialism-sucks-airs-c-span-2 Sun, 01 Sep 2019 11:04:00 -0400 Ian Vásquez, Matthew B. Kibbe, Benjamin Powell https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/cato-institute-event-socialism-sucks-airs-c-span-2 Socialism Sucks: Two Economists Drink Their Way through the Unfree World https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/socialism-sucks-two-economists-drink-their-way-through-unfree-world Robert A. Lawson, Benjamin Powell, Matthew B. Kibbe, Ian Vásquez <p>Socialism has failed every time it has been tried, yet it still appeals to parts of the American public that have little or no experience with it. Irreverent but honest economists Robert Lawson and Benjamin Powell will describe what they saw when they visited real‐​life examples of socialism in Cuba, North Korea, and Venezuela and other countries that are living with the socialist legacy. Using anecdotes and informed by scholarship, they will explain why socialism is often catastrophic, why Sweden is not an example of socialism, and why many of the claims of socialist politicians in America are so wrong‐​headed. Matt Kibbe will describe how young Americans’ views on socialism have evolved in recent years.</p> Wed, 31 Jul 2019 09:57:00 -0400 Robert A. Lawson, Benjamin Powell, Matthew B. Kibbe, Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/socialism-sucks-two-economists-drink-their-way-through-unfree-world Ian Vasquez discusses free trade and developing countries on FOX Nation’s Deep Dive https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-free-trade-developing-countries-fox-nations Thu, 06 Jun 2019 13:28:00 -0400 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/ian-vasquez-discusses-free-trade-developing-countries-fox-nations Cato’s Human Freedom Index is cited on Bloomberg ETF IQ https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/catos-human-freedom-index-cited-bloomberg-etf-iq Wed, 05 Jun 2019 13:24:00 -0400 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/catos-human-freedom-index-cited-bloomberg-etf-iq Free Trade and Prosperity: How Openness Helps Developing Countries Grow Richer and Combat Poverty https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/free-trade-prosperity-how-openness-helps-developing-countries-grow-richer-combat Anne Krueger, Arvind Panagariya, Ian Vásquez <p>Free trade provides enormous benefits to developing countries. Arvind Panagariya will describe its impressive record in promoting growth and reducing poverty at a&nbsp;time when some policymakers in rich and poor countries are turning toward protectionism. He will explain how openness was key to the economic success of countries like South Korea and Taiwan and will refute claims that industrial policy, infant industry protection, or measures that erected barriers to trade have worked better than free trade itself. Anne Krueger will comment on Panagariya’s full‐​scale defense of free trade and warn about threats to the liberal, global trade regime.&nbsp;</p> Thu, 30 May 2019 15:58:00 -0400 Anne Krueger, Arvind Panagariya, Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/events/free-trade-prosperity-how-openness-helps-developing-countries-grow-richer-combat Sen. Bernie Sanders (I — Vermont) cites Cato’s Human Freedom Index ranking of Saudi Arabia on C‑SPAN 2 https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/sen-bernie-sanders-i-vermont-cites-catos-human-freedom-index-1 Wed, 13 Mar 2019 10:25:00 -0400 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/sen-bernie-sanders-i-vermont-cites-catos-human-freedom-index-1 Ian Vasquez discusses protests against President Maduro in Venezuela on KURV https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-radio/ian-vasquez-discusses-protests-against-president-maduro-venezuela Wed, 23 Jan 2019 13:17:00 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-radio/ian-vasquez-discusses-protests-against-president-maduro-venezuela Ian Vasquez discusses the Human Freedom Index on KOA’s The Mandy Connell Show https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-radio/ian-vasquez-discusses-human-freedom-index-koas-mandy-connell-show Thu, 10 Jan 2019 13:34:00 -0500 Ian Vásquez https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-radio/ian-vasquez-discusses-human-freedom-index-koas-mandy-connell-show Human Freedom Index 2018 https://www.cato.org/multimedia/cato-daily-podcast/human-freedom-index-2018 Ian Vásquez, Caleb O. Brown <p><a href="https://www.cato.org/human-freedom-index-new">The Human Freedom Index</a> continues to show the strong relationship between economic freedom and political and social freedom. Ian Vasquez discusses the latest edition of the report.</p> Fri, 14 Dec 2018 10:31:00 -0500 Ian Vásquez, Caleb O. Brown https://www.cato.org/multimedia/cato-daily-podcast/human-freedom-index-2018 Sen. Bernie Sanders (I — Vermont) cites Cato’s Human Freedom Index ranking of Saudi Arabia on C‑SPAN 2 https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/sen-bernie-sanders-i-vermont-cites-catos-human-freedom-index-0 Wed, 12 Dec 2018 15:49:00 -0500 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/sen-bernie-sanders-i-vermont-cites-catos-human-freedom-index-0 Member of the European Parliament, Amjad Bashir cites Cato’s Human Freedom Index https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/member-european-parliament-amjad-bashir-cites-catos-human-freedom Tue, 11 Dec 2018 14:59:00 -0500 Cato Institute, Ian Vásquez, Tanja Porčnik https://www.cato.org/multimedia/media-highlights-tv/member-european-parliament-amjad-bashir-cites-catos-human-freedom