A global effort has been devoted to reducing world poverty. Some claim poverty can be best combated by foreign aid. Others point to the importance of domestic policies, such as those that support or weaken economic freedom. We at Cato believe that there is a strong positive relationship between economic freedom and poverty reduction and call for more research in this area.

More on Poverty


The Cruel Truth about Population Control

By Chelsea Follett. National Interest (Online). June 13, 2019.

China Can’t Use Overpopulation to Justify ‘Two-Child’ Policy

By Chelsea Follett. The Hill (Online). June 7, 2019.

Africa, Flying Blind and Miserable

By Steve H. Hanke. Forbes.com. May 15, 2019.

Cato Studies

Alleviating Global Poverty: Labor Mobility, Direct Assistance, and Economic Growth

By Lant Pritchett. Research Briefs in Economic Policy No. 157. April 3, 2019.

War State, Trauma State: Why Afghanistan Remains Stuck in Conflict

By Erik Goepner. Policy Analysis No. 844. June 19, 2018.

Julian Simon Was Right: A Half-Century of Population Growth, Increasing Prosperity, and Falling Commodity Prices

By Marian L. Tupy. Economic Development Bulletin No. 29. February 16, 2018.


The Challenge of Populism

Cato's Letter. Mario Vargas Llosa and Alvaro Vargas Llosa. Vol. 16. No. 1. Winter 2018.

Zimbabwe Hyperinflates, Again: The 58th Episode of Hyperinflation in History

Steve H. Hanke and Erik Bostrom. Studies in Applied Economics. No. 90. October 2017.

The Psychology of Pessimism

Cato's Letter. Steven Pinker. Vol. 13. No. 1. Winter 2015.

Public Filings

Venezuela’s Tragic Meltdown

By Steve H. Hanke. Testimony. March 28, 2017.

Hearing on Poverty and Health

By Michael F. Cannon. Testimony. September 13, 2011.

Rising Food Prices: Budget Challenges

By Steve H. Hanke. Testimony. July 30, 2008.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Is Global Freedom on the Decline?

Policy Report. March/April 2018.

80. Foreign Aid and Economic Development

Cato Handbook for Policymakers. Cato Handbook for Policymakers, 8th Edition (2017).

A New Growth Agenda

Brink Lindsey. Policy Report. November/December 2015.


Free Trade and Prosperity: How Openness Helps Developing Countries Grow Richer and Combat Poverty

Featuring Arvind Panagariya, Anne Krueger, and Ian Vásquez. May 30, 2019. Book Forum.

Zimbabwe: Africa’s Shame and Opportunity

Featuring Steve H. Hanke and Marian L. Tupy. April 15, 2019. Policy Forum.

Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future

Featuring Johan Norberg, Ronald A. Bailey, and Marian L. Tupy. October 12, 2016. Book Forum.


Why the IMF Should Not Intervene

By Ian Vásquez. February 25, 1998.