The time has come to recognize what has become obvious: NATO, as an institution, does not enhance America’s strategic power. By the same token, Europe no longer needs to rely on American military guarantees for its security. Europe can take care of itself and should be encouraged to do so.

More on NATO/Transatlantic Issues


Progressive Democrats Changing the Politics of Israel in America

By Doug Bandow. American Conservative. November 8, 2018.

Will Washington Finally Accept Independent European Defense Initiatives?

By Ted Galen Carpenter. Aspenia Online. November 7, 2018.

Washington Smothers Independent European Security Initiatives

By Ted Galen Carpenter. National Interest (Online). October 31, 2018.

Cato Studies

Our Foreign Policy Choices: Rethinking America’s Global Role

By Christopher A. Preble, Emma Ashford, and Travis Evans. White Paper. July 18, 2016.

The Problem with the Light Footprint: Shifting Tactics in Lieu of Strategy

By Brad Stapleton. Policy Analysis No. 792. June 7, 2016.

NATO at 60: A Hollow Alliance

By Ted Galen Carpenter. Policy Analysis No. 635. March 30, 2009.


NATO’s Worrisome Authoritarian Storm Clouds

Ted Galen Carpenter. Mediterranean Quarterly. Vol. 26. No. 4. Winter 2015.

Should the NATO Alliance Continue?

Justin Logan. CQ Researcher. March 23, 2012.

Hitting the ‘Stop’ Button on NATO Expansion

Benjamin H. Friedman and Justin Logan. International Affairs Forum. Spring 2009.

Public Filings

The High Cost of NATO Expansion

By Ivan Eland. Testimony. October 28, 1997.

Cato Reviews & Journals

72. Relations with Russia

Cato Handbook for Policymakers. Cato Handbook for Policymakers, 8th Edition (2017).

74. NATO Policy

Cato Handbook for Policymakers. Cato Handbook for Policymakers, 8th Edition (2017).

Scholars Debate Post-Cold War Foreign Policy: Global Democracy Crusade or Strategic Independence?

Policy Report. May/June 1992.


Everyone Loses: The Ukraine Crisis and the Ruinous Contest for Post-Soviet Eurasia

Featuring Samuel Charap, Emma Ashford, and Christine Guluzian. March 10, 2017. Book Forum.

The Global Village Myth: Distance, War, and the Limits of Power

Featuring Justin Logan. May 26, 2015. Book Forum.

America’s Allies and War: Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq

Featuring Christopher A. Preble. May 10, 2011. Book Forum.