The current U.S. immigration system favors non-economic immigrants. About 81 percent of new immigrants are family members of American citizens or green card holders, whereas only 5 percent earn green cards for employment or investment purposes. Our rapidly changing economy requires a more dynamic immigration system that allows in types of economic immigrants who are barred under the current system. In a new study, Cato scholar Alex Nowrasteh proposes an additional visa category that would allow foreigners to work and live legally in the United States after paying a tariff.
President Trump has repeatedly cited drug smuggling as a reason to build a wall along the Southern border. But a new study from Cato scholar David Bier shows that, if stopping drug smuggling is the goal, a border wall is about the worst possible investment. “If Congress wants to address drug smuggling,” says Bier, “it should legalize marijuana nationwide and invest in better ports of entry, not build a wall.” Furthermore, argues Bier, the same lessons that drug smuggling have provided should apply to illegal immigration, cutting demand for illegal immigration by making more legal options available to immigrants.