By any reasonable measure, Americans are better off now than during comparable periods in the past, and expanding engagement in the global economy has played an important role in the ongoing, upward trend in American employment and living standards. To promote further progress for American workers and households, Congress and the administration should pursue policies that expand the freedom of Americans to participate in global markets.

More on General U.S. Trade Policy


China’s U.S. Debt Portfolio Will Not Be Weaponized for the Trade War

By Daniel J. Ikenson. May 22, 2019.

Trump on Tariffs: Consistent, and Consistently Wrong

By Simon Lester. New York Daily News. May 22, 2019.

Jones Act Expensive, Benefits Questionable

By Colin Grabow and Michael Hansen. Star Advertiser. May 21, 2019.

Cato Studies

The Jones Act: A Burden America Can No Longer Bear

By Colin Grabow, Inu Manak, and Daniel J. Ikenson. Policy Analysis No. 845. June 28, 2018.

Political Rhetoric as Trade Barrier: Trump’s “Buy American” Campaign and U.S. Demand for Imports

By Jeffrey Kucik and Krzysztof Pelc. Research Briefs in Economic Policy No. 113. May 16, 2018.

Was Buenos Aires the Beginning of the End or the End of the Beginning? The Future of the World Trade Organization

By James Bacchus. Policy Analysis No. 841. May 8, 2018.


Safeguarding Policy Space in Investment Agreements

Simon Lester and Bryan Mercurio. IIEL Issue Brief. December 2017.

Addressing Regulatory Trade Barriers in Mega-Regional Trade Agreements

Simon Lester and Inu Manak. Mega-Regional Trade Agreements. July 21, 2017.

The Jones Act in Perspective: A Survey of Costs and Effects of the 1920 Merchant Marine Act

Russ Kashian, Jeff Pagel, and Ike Brannon. Grassroot Institute of Hawaii. April 2017.

Public Filings

Perspectives on the Export-Import Bank of the United States

By Daniel J. Ikenson. Testimony. June 2, 2015.

Trade Promotion Agencies and U.S. Foreign Policy

By Daniel J. Ikenson. Testimony. May 19, 2015.

Horne v. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture

By Steffen N. Johnson, Eimeric Reig-Pleissis, Christopher E. Mills, Ilya Shapiro, & Trevor Burrus. Legal Briefs. October 8, 2014.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Cato Makes Free Trade Go Viral

Policy Report. May/June 2018.

How’s Your Trade War Going?

Pierre Lemieux. Regulation. Summer 2018.

Brain-Focused Economics: More Than Just Comparative Advantage

Richard B. McKenzie. Regulation. Summer 2018.


The Jones Act: Charting a New Course after a Century of Failure

Featuring Daniel Griswold, Colin Grabow, Manuel Reyes, Bryan Riley, James W. Coleman, Jennifer Danner Riccardi, Ted Loch-Temzelides, Daniel J. Ikenson, Steve Ellis, Nick Loris, Robert Quartel, Christopher A. Preble, Keliʻi Akina, Thomas Grennes, Howard Gutman, Michael Hansen, Inu Manak, George Landrith, & Brett Fortnam. December 6, 2018. Conference.

#CatoConnects: NAFTA and the Trump Tariffs

Featuring Simon Lester, Inu Manak, and Caleb O. Brown. March 14, 2018. Cato Connects.

Clashing over Commerce: A History of U.S. Trade Policy

Featuring Douglas Irwin, Claude E. Barfield, and Daniel J. Ikenson. January 24, 2018. Book Forum.

Downsizing the Federal Government

Agricultural Subsidies

By Chris Edwards. October 2016.

Ending the Import-Export Bank

By Sallie James. October 2012.

Agricultural Regulations and Trade Barriers

By Chris Edwards. June 2009.