Science can inform individual preferences but cannot resolve environmental conflicts. Environmental goods and services, to the greatest extent possible, should be treated like other goods and services in the marketplace. People should be free to secure their preferences about the consumption of environmental goods such as clean air or clean water regardless of whether some scientists think such preferences are legitimate or not. Likewise, people should be free, to the greatest extent possible, to make decisions consistent with their own risk tolerances regardless of scientific or even public opinion.

More on Environmental Regulation


Cato Studies

Consumers’ Response to State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Programs

By Sébastien Houde and Joseph Aldy. Research Briefs in Economic Policy No. 101. February 21, 2018.

A Review of the Regional Green Gas Initiative

By David T. Stevenson. Working Paper No. 45. August 10, 2017.

Reforming the National Flood Insurance Program: Toward Private Flood Insurance

By Ike Brannon and Ari Blask. Policy Analysis No. 817. July 19, 2017.


Does EPA’s Clean Power Plan Proposal Violate the States’ Sovereign Rights?

David B. Rivkin Jr., Andrew M. Grossman, and Mark DeLaquil. Engage. Vol. 16. No. 1. February 2015.

On Measuring Greenness: A New Enabling Metric, Please

Steve H. Hanke and Heinz Schimmelbusch. The Stern Stewart Institute Periodical. No. 10. June 2014.

Policy Implications of Climate Models on the Verge of Failure

Paul C. "Chip" Knappenberger and Patrick J. Michaels. Science Policy Conference of the American Geophysical Union. Summer 2013.

Public Filings

Kelleher v. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

By Ilya Shapiro, Trevor Burrus, and Patrick Moran. Legal Briefs. October 29, 2018.

California Sea Urchin Commission v. Combs

By Ilya Shapiro, Trevor Burrus, Reilly Stephens, & Timothy Sandefur. Legal Briefs. July 5, 2018.

Weyerhaeuser v. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

By Ilya Shapiro, Trevor Burrus, and Meggan DeWitt. Legal Briefs. April 30, 2018.

Cato Reviews & Journals

The Perils of a Carbon Tax

Michael L. Marlow. Regulation. Winter 2018-2019.

The Land of Many Opportunity Costs

Gary D. Libecap. Regulation. Fall 2018.

A Review of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

David T. Stevenson. Cato Journal. Winter 2018.


Trump’s Energy Policy: Promise or Peril?

Featuring Robert L. Bradley Jr., Adele Morris, Catrina Rorke, & Peter Russo. February 22, 2017. Policy Forum.

To Mine or Not to Mine? The Future of U.S. Mineral Resources

Featuring Ned Mamula, Patrick J. Michaels, and Peter Russo. March 24, 2016. Capitol Hill Briefing.

Preparing for Paris: What to Expect from the U.N.’s 2015 Climate Change Conference

Featuring Richard Lindzen, Terence Kealey, and Roger Pilon. October 30, 2015. Conference.


Downsizing the Federal Government

A Brief History of Energy Regulations

By Peter Van Doren. March 2016.