Employer Costs, Take-Home Pay, and Tax Wedge for an    
Average Manufacturing Wage Worker in PENNSYLVANIA    
  Amount Rank
Total Cost to Employer* $31,313 11
Take-Home Pay $22,310 31
Take-Home Pay, % of Employer Costs 71.2% 32
Tax Wedge* $9,003 12
Tax Wedge, % of Employer Costs 28.8% 13
Gross Earnings $27,200  
Taxes Withheld from Worker's Paycheck    
Social Security/Medicare Payroll Tax $2,081  
Federal Income Tax $2,048  
State Income Tax $762 20
Total Taxes Withheld $4,890  
Hidden Taxes Paid by Employer on Worker's Behalf    
Social Security/Medicare Payroll Tax $2,081  
Workers' Compensation Contribution $1,640 12
State Unemployment Insurance Tax $336 11
Federal Unemployment Insurance Tax $56  
Total Employer-Paid Taxes $4,113  
Employer-Paid (hidden) Share of the Tax Wedge 45.7% 17
Source: Dean Stansel, "The Hidden Burden of Taxation: How the Government Reduces    
Take-Home Pay," Cato Institute Policy Analysis No. 302, April 15, 1998.    

*Total cost to employer does not include the cost of fringe benefits
(such as employer contributions to private health insurance plans and
pensions) and tax and regulatory compliance. The tax wedge does not
include the host of other taxes--property taxes, sales taxes, gas taxes,
cigarette taxes, etc.--that workers must pay with their remaining
take-home pay.


Last Updated on 4/8/98
By Mark LaRochelle