Recent discussions of Social Security’s future solvency have been dominated by misleading and inaccurate portrayals of the Social Security Trust Fund and the impact of budget surpluses on the program’s finances.
In reality, the Social Security Trust Fund is an accounting measure, not an accumulation of real assets that can be used to pay future benefits. That means current discussions of Social Security “lock boxes,” or whether the Social Security “surplus” is being “raided,” are essentially irrelevant to the program’s future. The federal government lacks a mechanism that would allow it to save today against the future demographic and financial pressures that will make Social Security’s current structure unsustainable over the long term.
Congress should stop playing verbal games over what are essentially accounting gimmicks and begin the serious project of Social Security reform. Ultimately, that reform will have to involve allowing workers to privately invest a portion of their Social Security taxes through individual accounts.