The solution to poverty is to empower individuals to care for themselves and their families. Stale debates over funding levels for antipoverty programs mostly miss the point. Removing government‐​imposed barriers to prosperity in areas such as education, criminal justice system, zoning regulations, and occupational licensure, among others, would do far more to help people escape poverty than government transfer programs. We want the poor to participate in the market economy, rather than become trapped by welfare programs.