The overriding impact of immigrants is to strengthen and enrich American culture, increase the total output of the economy, and raise the standard of living of American citizens. Immigrants are advantageous to the United States for several reasons: (1) Since they are willing to take a chance in a new land, they are self-selected on the basis on motivation, risk taking, work ethic, and other attributes beneficial to a nation. (2) They tend to come to the United States during their prime working years (the average age is 28), and they contribute to the workforce and make huge net contributions to old-age entitlement programs, primarily Social Security. (3) Immigrants tend to fill niches in the labor market where demand is highest relative to supply, complementing rather than directly competing with American workers. (4) Many immigrants arrive with extremely high skill levels, and virtually all, regardless of skill level, bring a strong desire to work. (5) Their children tend to reach high levels of achievement in American schools and in society at large.

Cato Experts

More on Immigration

Commentary

If US Won’t Take More Syrian Refugees, Extend Trade Agreements to Those Who Do

By Alex Nowrasteh. The Hill (Online). May 27, 2016.

Obama Asks the Supreme Court to Rewrite His Immigration Policy

By Josh Blackman. National Review (Online). April 20, 2016.

President Obama’s DAPA Order Oversteps His Immigration Powers

By Ilya Shapiro. Reason.com. April 19, 2016.

Cato Studies

Inequality Attributable to Housing Value and Immigration

By Ryan Murphy and Alex Nowrasteh. Working Paper No. 37. February 16, 2016.

Checking E-Verify: The Costs and Consequences of a National Worker Screening Mandate

By Alex Nowrasteh and Jim Harper. Policy Analysis No. 775. July 7, 2015.

Low-Hanging Fruit Guarded by Dragons: Reforming Regressive Regulation to Boost U.S. Economic Growth

By Brink Lindsey. White Paper. June 22, 2015.

Articles

Does Immigration Impact Institutions?

J. R. Clark, Robert A. Lawson, Alex Nowrasteh, Benjamin Powell, & Ryan Murphy. Public Choice. Vol. 163. No. 1. April 2015.

Immigration

Alex Nowrasteh. Policy Priorities for the 114th Congress. 2015.

Comprehensive Immigration Reform: What Congress and the President Need to Do to Make It Work

Daniel Griswold. Albany Government Law Review. Vol. 3. No. 1. Winter 2009.

Public Filings

Declining Deportations and Increasing Criminal Alien Releases – The Lawless Immigration Policies of the Obama Administration

By Alex Nowrasteh. Testimony. May 19, 2016.

United States v. Texas

By Ilya Shapiro, Josh Blackman, Randy E. Barnett, Jeremy Rabkin, & Randal John Meyer. Legal Briefs. April 4, 2016.

Texas v. United States

By Josh Blackman, Ilya Shapiro, Peter Margulies, & Leif A. Olson. Legal Briefs. May 8, 2015.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Life in the Time of Surveillance

Policy Report. January/February 2016.

Immigration and the Public Coffers

Policy Report. September/October 2014.

Is Immigration Good for America?

Policy Report. September/October 2013.

Events

The Economics of Immigration: Market-Based Approaches, Social Science, and Public Policy

Featuring Alex Nowrasteh. January 6, 2016. Book Forum.

Fifty Years after Reform: The Successes, Failures, and Lessons from the Immigration Act of 1965

Featuring Alex Nowrasteh. October 2, 2015. Conference.

E-Verify: The Impact of National Employment Verification on Work, Privacy, and Liberty

Featuring Jim Harper and Alex Nowrasteh. September 10, 2015. Capitol Hill Briefing.

Speeches

Mexican Migration, Legalization, and Assimilation

By Daniel Griswold. October 5, 2005.

National Immigration Forum: Capitol Hill Panel Discussion on Mexican Immigration

By Daniel Griswold. February 19, 2003.

National Immigration Forum Annual Conference

By Daniel Griswold. February 1, 2002.