Science can inform individual preferences but cannot resolve environmental conflicts. Environmental goods and services, to the greatest extent possible, should be treated like other goods and services in the marketplace. People should be free to secure their preferences about the consumption of environmental goods such as clean air or clean water regardless of whether some scientists think such preferences are legitimate or not. Likewise, people should be free, to the greatest extent possible, to make decisions consistent with their own risk tolerances regardless of scientific or even public opinion.

More on Environmental Regulation


Even if You Buy the Science, the Policy Still Fails

By Ross McKitrick. The Hill (Online). August 27, 2015.

Clean Power Plan: Acid Rain Part 2?

By Ross McKitrick. Real Clear Policy. August 26, 2015.

A Solution Worse than the Problem

By Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger. US News and World Report Online. August 5, 2015.

Cato Studies

Is the Government Buying Science or Support? A Framework Analysis of Federal Funding-induced Biases

By David E. Wojick and Patrick J. Michaels. Working Paper No. 29. April 30, 2015.

Reducing Livability: How Sustainability Planning Threatens the American Dream

By Randal O’Toole. Policy Analysis No. 740. October 28, 2013.

Free Trade in Environmental Goods: The Trade Remedy Problem

By Simon Lester and K. William Watson. Free Trade Bulletin No. 54. August 19, 2013.


Does EPA’s Clean Power Plan Proposal Violate the States’ Sovereign Rights?

David B. Rivkin Jr., Andrew M. Grossman, and Mark DeLaquil. Engage. Vol. 16. No. 1. February 2015.

On Measuring Greenness: A New Enabling Metric, Please

Steve H. Hanke and Heinz Schimmelbusch. The Stern Stewart Institute Periodical. No. 10. June 2014.

Policy Implications of Climate Models on the Verge of Failure

Paul C. "Chip" Knappenberger and Patrick J. Michaels. Science Policy Conference of the American Geophysical Union. Summer 2013.

Public Filings

Oversight of Litigation at EPA and FWS: Impacts on the U.S. Economy, States, Local Communities and the Environment

By Andrew M. Grossman. Testimony. August 3, 2015.

Draft Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment

By Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger. Public Comments. June 8, 2015.

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Pumps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) and Public Meeting

By Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger. Public Comments. June 1, 2015.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Working Papers

Peter Van Doren. Regulation. Summer 2015.

EPA’s Analytical Jujitsu

Sam Batkins and Ike Brannon. Regulation. Spring 2015.

The CPSC’s Off-Road Adventure

Joseph Cordes and Blake Taylor. Regulation. Spring 2015.


The End of Doom: Environmental Renewal in the Twenty-First Century

Featuring Indur M. Goklany, Ronald A. Bailey, and Marian L. Tupy. July 23, 2015. Book Forum.

Air Farce: The EPA’s Regulatory “Science” on Airborne Particles

Featuring Patrick J. Michaels. June 25, 2015. Policy Forum.

Threats to the U.S. Energy Renaissance

Featuring Patrick J. Michaels. May 15, 2015. Policy Forum.


Endocrine Disrupters, Politics, Pesticides,

By Peter Gordon. December 15, 1997.

Downsizing the Federal Government

A Brief History of Energy Regulations

By Peter Van Doren. February 2009.