Science can inform individual preferences but cannot resolve environmental conflicts. Environmental goods and services, to the greatest extent possible, should be treated like other goods and services in the marketplace. People should be free to secure their preferences about the consumption of environmental goods such as clean air or clean water regardless of whether some scientists think such preferences are legitimate or not. Likewise, people should be free, to the greatest extent possible, to make decisions consistent with their own risk tolerances regardless of scientific or even public opinion.

More on Environmental Regulation


FEMA Tells Oklahoma to Do the Impossible … Or Else

By Patrick J. Michaels. Tulsa World. March 27, 2015.

FEMA Asks Louisiana to Do the Impossible — Or Else

By Patrick J. Michaels. The Advocate. March 24, 2015.

FEMA Is Asking Mississippi to Do the Impossible … Or Lose Disaster Aid

By Patrick J. Michaels. March 24, 2015.

Cato Studies

Is the Government Buying Science or Support? A Framework Analysis of Federal Funding-induced Biases

By David E. Wojick and Patrick J. Michaels. Working Paper No. 29. April 30, 2015.

Reducing Livability: How Sustainability Planning Threatens the American Dream

By Randal O’Toole. Policy Analysis No. 740. October 28, 2013.

Free Trade in Environmental Goods: The Trade Remedy Problem

By Simon Lester and K. William Watson. Free Trade Bulletin No. 54. August 19, 2013.


On Measuring Greenness: A New Enabling Metric, Please

Steve H. Hanke and Heinz Schimmelbusch. The Stern Stewart Institute Periodical. No. 10. June 2014.

Policy Implications of Climate Models on the Verge of Failure

Paul C. "Chip" Knappenberger and Patrick J. Michaels. Science Policy Conference of the American Geophysical Union. Summer 2013.

The Executive State Tackles Global Warming

Roger Pilon. Climate Coup: Global Warming's Invasion of Our Government and Our Lives. 2011.

Public Filings

People for the Ethical Treatment of Property Owners v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

By Roger Pilon, Ilya Shapiro, Trevor Burrus, Julio Colomba, Jonathan H. Adler, & Josh Blackman. Legal Briefs. May 26, 2015.

Ongoing Oversight: Monitoring the Activities of the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division

By Andrew M. Grossman. Testimony. May 19, 2015.

Scientific Report of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

By Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger. Public Comments. May 8, 2015.

Cato Reviews & Journals

EPA’s Analytical Jujitsu

Sam Batkins and Ike Brannon. Regulation. Spring 2015.

The CPSC’s Off-Road Adventure

Joseph Cordes and Blake Taylor. Regulation. Spring 2015.

Oil Train Angst

Feder Bose. Regulation. Spring 2015.


Threats to the U.S. Energy Renaissance

Featuring Patrick J. Michaels. May 15, 2015. Policy Forum.

Biotechnology: Feeding the World, or a Brave New World of Agriculture?

Featuring . June 4, 2013. Policy Forum.

A Looming Scientific Revolution in Environmental Regulation?

Featuring Patrick J. Michaels. March 21, 2013. Policy Forum.


Endocrine Disrupters, Politics, Pesticides,

By Peter Gordon. December 15, 1997.

Downsizing the Federal Government

A Brief History of Energy Regulations

By Peter Van Doren. February 2009.