Energy, like other goods and services in the economy, should be left to consumers and entrepreneurs in the market, not “planned” by governmental bodies. In fact, the long history of U.S. oil, gas, and electricity regulation, taxation, and subsidization makes abundantly clear that shortages and energy crises are engendered by government intervention, not market failure.

More on Energy


Food and Witches to Burn

By Patrick J. Michaels. The Hill (Online). October 29, 2015.

Wishful Thinking Meets Hard Realities in Energy Production

By Joseph Verruni and Patrick J. Michaels. Newsweek. October 22, 2015.

Petrostates in a Changing World

By Emma Ashford. Cayman Financial Review. October 7, 2015.

Cato Studies

Do Consumers Recognize the Value of Fuel Economy?

By James M. Sallee, Sarah West, and Wei Fan. Research Briefs in Economic Policy No. 38. November 11, 2015.

Reducing Livability: How Sustainability Planning Threatens the American Dream

By Randal O’Toole. Policy Analysis No. 740. October 28, 2013.

License to Drill: The Case for Modernizing America’s Crude Oil and Natural Gas Export Licensing Systems

By Scott Lincicome. Free Trade Bulletin No. 50. February 21, 2013.


On Measuring Greenness: A New Enabling Metric, Please

Steve H. Hanke and Heinz Schimmelbusch. The Stern Stewart Institute Periodical. No. 10. June 2014.

CBO Report Underestimates Costs of the Corn-Ethanol Tax Credit: Four Compelling Reasons Why the CBO Should Update Their Study

Jerry Taylor and Harry de Gorter. Future Science. Vol. 2. No. 1. 2011.

An Economic Critique of Corn-Ethanol Subsidies

Jerry Taylor. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis: Regional Economic Development. Vol. 5. No. 1. 2009.

Public Filings

Energy & Env’t Legal Inst. v. Epel

By Joshua P. Thompson, Anthony L. François, Jonathan Wood, Ilya Shapiro, & Randal John Meyer. Legal Briefs. November 13, 2015.

Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Existing Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units

By Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger. Public Comments. December 1, 2014.

Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Small, Large, and Very Large Air-Cooled Commercial Package Air Conditioning and Heating Equipment; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) and Public Meeting

By Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger. Public Comments. December 1, 2014.

Cato Reviews & Journals

Ethics and Energy

David R. Henderson. Regulation. Summer 2015.

Looking Back to Move Ahead

Sofie E. Miller. Regulation. Fall 2014.

Regressive Furnace Fans

Sofie E. Miller. Regulation. Spring 2014.


A History of Free Market Energy Thought

Featuring Patrick J. Michaels. June 30, 2015. Policy Forum.

Sustaining the American Energy Renaissance

Featuring Ned Mamula. June 23, 2015. Capitol Hill Briefing.

Threats to the U.S. Energy Renaissance

Featuring Patrick J. Michaels. May 15, 2015. Policy Forum.

Downsizing the Federal Government

Energy Subsidies

By Chris Edwards. February 2009.

Energy Intervention Today

By Peter Van Doren and Jerry Taylor. February 2009.

A Brief History of Energy Regulations

By Peter Van Doren. February 2009.