Over the last few weeks, the media has been abuzz with stories of unaccompanied minors coming across the border and being apprehended by Customs and Border Protections (CBP). Many of the facts on the ground are fuzzy because we do not have a complete picture of all of the relevant data. In this post I will lay out several of the relevant facts as they exist. I will present information that focuses on how the detention facilities are overwhelmed but that it is less likely that border patrol agents on the border are actually overwhelmed.
The unlawful immigration of minors is not a new phenomenon, although it has increased recently. CBP released this table showing the large increase in the number of unaccompanied minors that have been encountered (different from “apprehended”):
|Country||Fiscal Year 2009||Fiscal Year 2010||Fiscal Year 2011||Fiscal Year 2012||Fiscal Year 2013||Fiscal Year 2014|
The government has not released data for the total number of unauthorized immigrants encountered or apprehended so far in 2014. As a result, I have to use 2013 data to see how big of an addition unaccompanied minors made to apprehensions of unlawful immigrants in that year. Encounters and apprehensions are not synonymous in Border Patrol statistics but they are close enough for a back of the envelope calculation.