Opening the Skies: Put Free Trade in Airline Services on the Transatlantic Trade Agenda

The EU and the United States began negotiations for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) in 2013, with the primary goals of reducing impediments to cross-border trade and investment and achieving greater economic integration between the two areas. Curiously, there has been a near absence of discussion in the TTIP negotiations of freeing trade and investment in commercial airline services.  In a new study, transportation policy expert Kenneth J. Button argues that the objections to liberalization lack genuine merit, offers insights into how U.S. airline passengers and businesses would benefit from opening the domestic air market to competition, and urges the U.S. and EU governments to put free trade in commercial air services on the TTIP negotiating agenda.

Manufacturing Growth and the Lives of Bangladeshi Women

Approximately 80 percent of garment factory workers in Bangladesh are female, and available data suggest that around 15 percent of women nationwide between the ages of 16 and 30 work in the garment industry. New research from Rachel Heath and A. Mushfiq Mobarak documents the effects of the remarkable growth of this sector in Bangladesh on the lives of Bangladeshi women.  Heath and Mobarak find that access to factory jobs significantly lowers the risk of early marriage and childbirth for girls in Bangladesh, and this is due to both girls postponing marriage to work in factories and to girls staying in school at earlier ages.

Responsible Counterterrorism Policy

Terrorism is a hazard to human life, and it should be dealt with in a manner similar to that applied to other hazards—albeit with an appreciation for the fact that terrorism often evokes extraordinary fear and anxiety.  In a new study, John Mueller and Mark G. Stewart look at four issues central to risk analysis for terrorism — the cost per saved life, acceptable risk, cost–benefit analysis, and risk communication — and assess the degree to which risk analysis has been coherently applied to counterterrorism efforts by the U.S. government.

The Export-Import Bank and Its Victims: Which Industries and States Bear the Brunt?

The charter of the Export-Import Bank of the United States is set to expire on September 30. Proponents of reauthorization claim that by increasing exports and jobs, Ex-Im benefits the U.S. economy. But according to a new study from Cato scholar Daniel J. Ikenson, in that advocacy, the benefits are exaggerated and the costs totally ignored.

Recent Commentary

Events

September 29

Originalism and the Good Constitution

Featuring the authors John O. McGinnis, George C. Dix Professor in Constitutional Law, Northwestern University Law School; and Michael B. Rappaport, Hugh and Hazel Darling Foundation Professor of Law, University of San Diego Law School; with comments by Roger Pilon, Vice President for Legal Affairs, Cato Institute; and Brianne Gorod, Appellate Counsel, Constitutional Accountability Center; moderated by Trevor Burrus, Research Fellow, Cato Institute.

12:00pm Hayek Auditorium

Of Special Note

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Cato Pocket Constitution

To encourage people everywhere to better understand and appreciate the principles of government that are set forth in America’s founding documents, the Cato Institute published this pocket-size edition.

Constitution Day

Constitution Day 2014

To celebrate Constitution Day and the publication of the thirteenth annual Cato Supreme Court Review, the Cato Institute’s Center for Constitutional Studies Presents a Symposium:

The Supreme Court: Past and Prologue
A Look at the October 2013 and 2014 Terms

Wednesday, September 17, 2014
10:30 a.m. – 7:00 p.m.

This annual event features leading legal scholars analyzing the most important decisions of the Supreme Court’s recent term, and a look ahead at what to expect during the Court’s next term.

Details and registration